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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #114852: Vocabulary: the family
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Family | Find the word [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Differences between Like and As - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Vocabulary: Family life - Do or Make?
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Vocabulary: the family


                                                                SHE and HE = A couple

                                                               EVE and ADAM 


    Everyone has heard this story... Is it a legend? Is it the truth? It doesn't really matter, does it? The point is that each and everyone of us is said to be descended from "The First Men". Then, they were told and felt that they should multiply and replenish the Earth. That's what they did! Each of us has a navel or belly-button, the proof  of a link with a mother and of our Humanity.

    Each of us may recognize himself or herself in our "fellow human beings" but is nonetheless "unique". Let's not forget it! 

    A) NATURE :


              The Family Tree    

              The Nuclear family       

     A community      

          Genealogy Research

                 Dad= Daddy           Mom= Mummy        My Son= a male child     My Daughter= a female child

                Bro= Brothers         

                 Sis= Sisters         

           Grandfather= GrandPa   

           Grandmother= GrandMa   


    The "nuclear family" developed, with the birth of brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces... and let's not forget cousins...

         An aunt= a parents' sister

                 An uncle= a parents' brother

                   = Uncle Sam *

                    A nephew

                  = their son

                     A niece

             = their daughter

                First cousins          Second cousins 

     Second cousins once removed      

    Are you lost ? It's easy to be...

    *= Uncle Sam: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam

    ** A little vocabulary wink  : "to go to my uncle's"= to go to the pawnshop/ hockshop = the place where unredeemed objects are displayed and sold   (In French = "to my aunt's"!)

    It's very difficult to find one's way through the different categories of cousins. Let's remember that our brothers' and sisters' kids are "first cousins"). If you want to try and have fun, you may look deeply into the different charts above.   

    "Removed" - "once removed", "twice removed" (meaning "far away, distant") indicate that these cousins do not belong to the same generationl! You can try.... I have given up...


    B)... When The Law intermingles...

    1) THE IN-LAWS

    The father-in-law  = a husband's or wife's father 
    The mother-in-law = a husband's or wife's mother
    The brother-in-law  = a husband's or wife's brother 
    The sister-in-law  = a husband's or wife's sister


    2) The STEP parents (because of a second marriage): 

     A step-father = your mother's new spouse
     A step-mother = your father's new wife
     A step-brother  =>The step-sister 
     A half-sister/ brother   = a sibling by one parent


    3) ADOPTIVE or FOSTER Families: 

     You must make a distinction between adoptive families (adoptive mother/ adoptive father) and foster families (foster mother/ foster father) who take care of the kid but have no legal link to him or her.


                                                                       A SINGLE-PARENT FAMILY




    A single-parent family is no longer a rare phenomenon... Fathers, and Mothers frequently bring up their kids on their own, which is often quite a tricky task for either of them. On the contrary, families can be "re-constituted" or "blended" and many kids may live together in a single household.  



    Well, well ! That's it! Let's see if you're going to find your way through this somewhat complicated creation!  



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    1. It's true I have three , Tom, Mark and Ian but only one , Cassy.
    2. ' Dominic is your father's brother, and therefore your . His Helen is your and Chris, their child, is your .', Mom said.
    'Of course not, , Monika is older than Chris... and she is my first cousin. Oh? Can we really have several of them? '
    3. Pedro, an orphan, is living at the Thomsons', his . Patricia is his and Julian is his . As Pedro cannot be adopted, they'll never be his but they love their a lot anyway.
    4. ' Laura's family is quite complicated... She had only two , Lea and Abby, but now she has one big as her father remarried. His new is pregnant, and Laura will soon have a new .'

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