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Vocabulary: Gardens and gardening...
British people are in love with their gardens. For them, gardening isn't a hobby, but a real passion embellishing their lives and backgrounds and relaxing them during their leisure time.
|= A landscape garden|
|= Formal gardens|
A landscape garden
= "The English way"
|= ("Natural" aspect )|
= "The French way"
= geometric and
First, we have to make an important distinction between two very different conceptions of what a garden is.
Gardens, as they're conceived in Anglo-Saxon countries, have fantasy and variety and not the severe and strict precision of a sophisticated and sometimes austere design.
"Landscape gardens" (British gardens) have a great variety of flowers and plants, mixed together and growing side by side. The different coloured spots convey an impression of snugness and peaceful comfort. On the contrary, "Formal gardens" (French gardens) have strict structures where geometry and symmetry prevail: flowers of different heights, colours, qualities, refinements, cannot be planted side by side; seen from a distance, everything should be "ordered" and must have harmonious and uniform shapes and colours.
1) A gardener's uniform (or outfit):
|A gardener's pinafore||= to protect his clothes||Gardening boots||= to walk in mud|
|A straw hat||= to protect his head||Gardening gloves||= to protect from thorns|
Moustaches are not supposed to be required, but are only coincidentally applied to the cliché...
The front garden (flowers) The yard = back garden
2) THE NECESSARY TOOLS:
Spades, a fork, a shovel
|Shears/ Clippers||A (watering-) can|
A hedge cutter/ trimmer
|A lean-to *|
*= to lean to/on= to bend on something for support. A lean-to = a shed leaning on a wall or a support.
3) IN AND OUT OF THE GARDEN:
A deck chair
Wicker/ Cane furniture
A lawn and flower beds
A flower border
A flower bush
A kitchen garden
A vegetable garden
|A rock garden|
A potted plant
The garden lane
An orchard (fruit trees)
To look on
Here are a few important verbs to help you:
|To sow seeds||To hoe|
|To sow, I sowed, sown||To rake up|
|To mow the lawn||To plant out|
|To dig, dug, dug||To water|
|A weed||To plant|
That's it! With this vocabulary, you'll be able to participate in any conversation about one of the favourite topics of the Anglo-Saxons (one of the others being the weather... ).
Good luck for the test!
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