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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #115161: Vocabulary: elections
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Find the word | United Kingdom [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Differences between Like and As - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Do or Make? - Do-don't-does-doesn't
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Vocabulary: elections


    Voting is a right, and it was often acquired in very difficult ways for some citizens (women, members of the minorities etc.) Voting is also a duty for every citizen, and in some countries, people are fined (given a fine or a penalty) if they don't vote when they should.

    A lot of vocabulary is linked to this field and it's better to know a minimum words and expressions to be able to follow the news. 

    1. An important EVENT: a coming ELECTION.


         Elections: the power in everybody's hands  

                Incentive badge to vote        

               Announcing elections        



    Campaining for one, or for the other? 

                  A poster           A flyer/flier

              An electoral meeting   

       An electoral coach to go on a tour

    2. "CANVASSING": "going door to door..." 




    These people are doing «canvassing», which means they're doing door to door, handing out documents (flyers, explaining the election manifesto or platform) trying to talk the voters (undecided or not) into voting for their candidate. This process was forbidden in Japan in 1925.

    Disabled people are listed and driven to the polling station on election day. 


     3. Election Day: D day! 


         Lining up at a polling station

          A temporary polling station    

         Polling station in a launderette      

               ... or in a library

                Secret votes!               Votes are secret               Ballot booths

             More ballot booths


               A poll card    

                A vote mark     

                  A ballot box           

             A transparent ballot box


         "An Old" voting machine  

          A modern voting machine   

           To hack a voting machine    

         The vote is recorded   




     "Cheating" is a fraud and punished by the law

          Voting machines can be rigged      

              Suspicions of fraud are many...

    * new-fangled=  "new-fangled" means new but not as good or nice as the old system.




    There are many ways of cheating when organizing elections. The most constitutional way is gerrymangering, manipulating the composition of an electorate in order to ensure the election of a candidate or of another one.

    There's also: intimidation, vote buyingdisinformation, ballot box stuffing (consisting in putting more votes than voters), misrecording or counting of votes, destruction of ballots, tampering with electronic voting machines....


    Electoral fraud is strictly punished by the law and the conclusion is Fraud, although real, is modest.”


     Vote fraud  Gerrymandering
     Vote buying  Misinformation 
     Ballot box stuffing  Miscounting ballots
     Destroying ballots Hacking voting machines 




    Time to enter your booth, think a lot... and your test will be brilliant.  


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    1. 'Mom! You know what? My school has been turned into a for the elections on Sunday.
    2. Piles of have been put on our teacher's desk and you know what, Tim tried to pinch a few and was scolded...
    3. Big have been pinned to the walls in the lobby.
    4. A gentleman explained to us that, on Sunday, people are going to get to the and cast their .
    5. Before that, you have to go to a to choose the candidate you want to vote for.
    6. He explained that in some countries, they make a on the people's finger and nail to make sure they won't vote twice.
    7. In the US and in Asia, in big cities, they have electronic .
    8. To prevent , they're trying to make them but some bad people are quite inventive...
    9. Do you know who you're going to vote for or are you still ?
    10. Look Mom, there are people dressed in red who're knocking at our neighbours' doors.' 'Yes, Lucy, they're in order to get votes for their favourite candidate.' 'I'll do that when I'm bigger if you tell me who to vote for!'




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