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Voting is a right, and it was often acquired in very difficult ways for some citizens (women, members of the minorities etc.) Voting is also a duty for every citizen, and in some countries, people are fined (given a fine or a penalty) if they don't vote when they should.
A lot of vocabulary is linked to this field and it's better to know a minimum words and expressions to be able to follow the news.
1. An important EVENT: a coming ELECTION.
Elections: the power in everybody's hands
Incentive badge to vote
Campaining for one, or for the other?
|A poster||A flyer/flier|
An electoral meeting
An electoral coach to go on a tour
2. "CANVASSING": "going door to door..."
These people are doing «canvassing», which means they're doing door to door, handing out documents (flyers, explaining the election manifesto or platform) trying to talk the voters (undecided or not) into voting for their candidate. This process was forbidden in Japan in 1925.
Disabled people are listed and driven to the polling station on election day.
3. Election Day: D day!
Lining up at a polling station
A temporary polling station
Polling station in a launderette
... or in a library
|Secret votes!||Votes are secret||Ballot booths|
More ballot booths
A poll card
A vote mark
A ballot box
A transparent ballot box
"An Old" voting machine
A modern voting machine
To hack a voting machine
The vote is recorded
4. SOME PEOPLE ARE CHEATING:
"Cheating" is a fraud and punished by the law
Voting machines can be rigged
Suspicions of fraud are many...
* new-fangled= "new-fangled" means new but not as good or nice as the old system.
There are many ways of cheating when organizing elections. The most constitutional way is gerrymangering, manipulating the composition of an electorate in order to ensure the election of a candidate or of another one.
There's also: intimidation, vote buying, disinformation, ballot box stuffing (consisting in putting more votes than voters), misrecording or counting of votes, destruction of ballots, tampering with electronic voting machines....
Electoral fraud is strictly punished by the law and the conclusion is “Fraud, although real, is modest.”
|Ballot box stuffing||Miscounting ballots|
|Destroying ballots||Hacking voting machines|
Time to enter your booth, think a lot... and your test will be brilliant.
English exercise "Vocabulary: elections" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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