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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #115932: Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives...
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: | Comparisons [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test : grammar for beginners - Comparatives / Superlatives - Comparative of superiority - Superlative + and adjective - Comparatives of superiority - Superlative - Comparative of superiority - Comparatives
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives...


    I) COMPARATIVES: It's necessary to distinguish short adjectives and long ones: 

    Adjectives qualifying nouns are often used in the comparative and in the superlative forms, when it comes to comparing qualities attributed to nouns. 

    -  Short adjectives: they have only one syllable (old- fat) and adjectives formed of two syllables ending with -y  (happy - lazy);

    -  Long adjectives: all others. 

    1) EQUALITY / INEQUALITY:

     To express the idea that an object or a person is "comparable to" ( Comparative of  equality),  "as + adjective + as..." is used, or on the contrary, "... not comparable to..." (Comparative of inequality)"... not as/ so + adjective + as... "

    ·          -  Connie is as old as her husband, but she isn't so tall as he is...


     

     

                                                                                                   

     

      

     

     

         2) COMPARATIVES:  when comparing two unequal elements, you must use: 

     a) The Comparative of Superiority, depending on the length of the adjectives: 

     - Short adjectives: ( see definition above) use the pattern: ... short adjective+ ER+ THAN...

     - Derek Pierce is older than Julian. 

     - Long adjectives  ... MORE + long adjective + THAN...

     - David Pierce's car is more expensive than Connie's. 

     

    b) The Comparative of Inferiority: "... LESS + adjective + THAN..." This pattern must be used with both long and short adjectives. 

     BEWARE!  When using an adjective ending with -y, the vowel must be turned into an -i : happy => happier=> the happiest. 

            

                                                                                         

     

    II) SUPERLATIVES: express a quality at a very high, or at its highest degree.( He's very tall! ; David is the taller of the Pierce parents! *- here, the comparison is between two people=> the comparative form must be used

    BEWARE! When the superlative form is used to compare only two elements, you MUST use a comparative form. 

    - Look at the twins! The taller is definitely also the more attractive one! =

    - Superlative of superiority: for short adjectives= THE + short adjective + -EST+ noun/ / THE MOST+ long adjective + noun... (the smallest car, the tallest boy... the most interesting lecture. )

    - Superlative of inferiority: the least + adjective (short or long)...

    The superlative of inferiority is less used than that of superiority. Simply choose the opposite adjective: 

    - the least poor man => the richest man.../ the very rich man...

     If the adjective ends with this pattern: Consonant-Vowel-Consonant, then, the final consonant is doubled (fat => fatter)   

     

                                                                          

     

    III)  EXCEPTIONS: only 3 adjectives have irregular comparatives and superlatives. 

     Adjective    Comparative form    Superlative form
     Good  ... better than... ... the best...! 
     Bad  ... worse than...  ... the worst... ! 
     Far ... /farther/ further than...  ... the farthest/ the furthest... 

     

                                                                          

     

    Here you are, with all the comparatives in hands!   You'll easily show that you are THE BEST!  

     

     



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