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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #117016: No, None, Not a, Not any
No, None, Not a, Not any
No, none, not a, not any
No and None:
We use no + noun.
-She had no shoes on.
-No information was given about how the study was conducted.
-There will be no busses until tomorrow.
None is used without any noun after it.
-Have we got any more sugar? There's none in the kitchen.
-How many cats have you got? "None".
No or none (of) is used instead of not a or not any to emphasize the negative idea in a sentence.
No or none of is used but not any can't be used in initial position in a clause or sentence.
-No force was needed to make them move. (not any force was needed).
-None of the children was awake. (not any of the children ...).
Note: No and none of are often preferred instead of not any in formal written English.
Not a is used in a formal or literary style. Not a is also used in initial position in a clause or sentence.
-Not a word would she utter about the robbery.
-Not a sound came from the classroom.
After no, a singular noun is used in situations where we would expect one of something, a plural noun where we would expect more than one.
Note: Sometimes either a singular or plural with little difference in meaning can be used.
-No answer (or answers) could be found.
-We want to go to the island but there's no boat (or no boats) to take us.
None of can be used with a plural noun and the verb can be either singular or plural, although the singular form is usually more formal.
-None of the children were awake. (or ...was awake).
-None of the parcels have arrived yet. (or ... has arrived yet).
Note: However, when none is used with an uncountable noun, the verb must be singular.
-None of the water was kept in the jar.
-None of the money has been transferred to Cuba.
No amount of:
If we want to give emphasis to no or none of we can use phrases like no amount of with uncountable nouns and not one (of) with singular countable nouns.
-She was so seriously ill that no amount of expensive treatment could cure her.
-It was clear that no amount of negotiation would bring the employers and workers closer together.
-Not one member of the History department attended the meeting.
-Not one of the hundreds of families affected by the noise wants to move.
I hope I have been of some assistance to you.
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