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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #117366: Gerunds or Infinitives
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Infinitive | -ing [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - Infinitive clause - FOR and its use - Gerund - Infinitive phrase - Infinitive in sentences - Look forward to/be used to - TO + verb base or TO + V + ing
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Gerunds or Infinitives

    Although the terms might sound foreign, the gerunds and infinitives are common parts of speech that we use everyday, whether we know them or not.


    What are Gerunds?

    Gerunds are easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with -ing tacked to its tail, like this: "verb + -ing" = Gerund

    Examples: swimming, reading, playing..

    Take note that: A gerund is a verb form that functions as a noun (subject or object).

    For example: -> Swimming is fun - ("gerund" as subject) -> I like swimming - ("gerund" as object)

    What about Infinitives?

    To swim, to play, to read, to eat, to sneeze, to cry, to jump, to drink, to smash -- all of these are infinitives.

    An infinitive will almost always begin with "to" followed by the simple form of verb, like this: "To + verb" = Infinitive

    An infinitive also functions as a noun (subject or object).

    For example:

    -> To sleep is the only thing Sam wants to do when she gets home - ("infinitive" as subject)

    -> Sam likes to sleep - ("infinitive" as object)

    Gerunds or Infinitives:

    -> Verbs like decide, plan, need, want, forget are followed by "Infinitives". E.g: ...plan to go... decide to follow... need to eat...

    -> Verbs like finish, consider, recommend are followed by "gerunds". E.g: ...finish cooking... consider buying...

    -> It can be tricky to remember which verb is followed by gerund or infinitive.

    We just know it is more natural to say, "I promise to help you tomorrow" rather than "I promise helping you tomorrow."

    Now, you're good to go! Put the verbs in bracket into either the gerund (-ing) or the infinitive (with 'to')


    (1) I've finished ..... (cook)- come and eat! The answer is: cooking

    (2) He refuses ..... (talk) to me. The answer is: to talk




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    English exercise "Gerunds or Infinitives" created by anuesther with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from anuesther]
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    1. I don't recommend (take) the bus - it takes forever!

    2. We discussed (go) to the cinema, but in the end we stayed at home.

    3. Ms. Allen has already agreed (bring) the pudding to dinner tonight.

    4. When I finish (write) this letter, I'll come and help you.

    5. You need (sleep) at least eight hours a night.

    6. Would you consider (give) a speech at our anniversary party?

    7. Emily promised (eat) all her vegetables.

    8. I am planning (buy) a new laptop soon.

    9. I don't mind (call) them if you don't want to.

    10. We want (move) to South Carolina next year.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Gerunds or Infinitives
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