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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #117515: Conjunctions: And - But
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Conjunctions [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Differences between Like and As - Bill, tip, fare, fine, fee - Tall, high, great
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Conjunctions: And - But


     

    Conjunctions are words used for joining words, phrases or sentences together (e.g. and, but, if, so, because).

    The commonly used among the conjunctions are AND and BUT.

    Let's explore the uses of these two little words. AND - BUT

    -> Use AND to indicate that one action follows another in the arranged order.

    Examples:

    (1) The boys laughed cheerfully and jumped out.

    (2) He parked the truck in front of the house and headed down the hill.

    (3) Carmen brushed them away and returned to her prayer.

    -> Use AND to join similar ideas together.

    Examples:

    (1) Susan is smart and kind.

    (2) Mrs. Smith seems nice, and pretty too.

     

    -> Use BUT to join contrasting statements (= unlike, opposite or different statements).

    Examples:

    (1) It was a sunny day, but the wind was cold.

    (2) He was ill, but he went to work.

    (3) She is poor but honest.

    In summary: and (for similar ideas).... but (for opposite ideas).

     

    Of course, there is a little test for you! It isn't difficult, just complete the sentences with 'and' or 'but'.

     





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    1. He stopped talking lit a cigarette.

    2. She worked very hard made a lot of money.

    3. The new guy looks too serious, in fact, he's so much fun.

    4. She wanted to eat sushi for dinner, she couldn't find a Japanese restaurant.

    5. He was late wasn't allowed to get in.

    6. Such a pleasant day and evening should have ended with a restful and happy dream, it didn't.

    7. I tried to teach her my sign language, she was dull and inattentive.

    8. Celine may be poor, she is not a thief!

    9. Rain began to fall the creek rose rapidly.

    10. Rostov smiled widely nodded approval.









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