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To do - To make
As there are two different verbs to express the "same action", TO DO and TO MAKE, it may be difficult for students to decide which one to use.
I) When to use TO DO :
1) To DO is used when you speak about general things ...
"Do" describes an action without saying exactly what the action is.
- I don't know what to do next week.
- He doesn't do anything all day long.
- She does everything to attract him.
2) Do is used to refer to "work" of any kind.
- Excuse me, but I have some work to do. I must go.
|to do your work|
|to do your homework|
|to do the housework|
|to do your job|
|to do business|
|to do your hair|
|to do your nails|
3) DO is used in the construction « DO+ determiner + ing »= to practise a sport, do some work.
- Have you already done any skiing ?
- Do you do any sport and do you play board games ?
to do the dishes to do an exercise to do the laundry to do the ironing to do the shopping
4) Expressions needing the verb To DO:
|to do one's best||to do things right/ badly/ well|
|to do good||to do your best / worst|
|to do harm||to do time - (to go to prison)|
|to do a favour||to do business|
II) On the contrary, you must use To MAKE:
1) You must use the verb TO MAKE when it means: to construct/ to build or to create.
The result is something that can be touched.
- I'll go and make tea for you.
- She makes beautiful dresses.=> She's a dressmaker= she makes dresses.
2) Expressions built with To MAKE.
| to make arrangements||to make a mess|
| to make an attempt ||to make a mistake|
| to make a bed ||to make money|
| to make believe ||to make a move on|
| to make a change|| to make a noise |
|to make a choice|| to make an offer|
|to make a comment||to make peace|
|to make a complaint||to make a phone call|
| to make a decision||to make a plan|
|to make a demand||to make a point|
|to make a difference||to make a profit|
|to make an effort||to make a promise|
|to make an exception||to make a remark|
|to make an excuse||to make a sound|
|to make an enquiry||to make a speech|
|to make a fool of yourself||to make a suggestion|
|to make a fortune||to make time|
|to make friends||to make a visit|
|to make a fuss||to make war|
|to make a journey|| to make a smile|
Of course, the list is quite long, but all these expressions are very common and very often used. You'll remember them little by little...
In the meantime, check the list... and you'll be ready for the test!
Good luck to you!
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