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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #118065: Abbreviations
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Abbreviations and acronyms... | Frequent mistakes | Find the word [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Differences between Like and As - Bill, tip, fare, fine, fee - Tall, high, great
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Abbreviations


    So, here is a general perspective about abbreviations:

    There are 3 sorts of abbreviations: the general one is called an Abbreviation, another one is an Acronym that differentiates a bit from the average abbreviation, and the last one an Initialism which differentiates as well from the both listed above.

    - Let's start with Abbreviations:

    An abbreviation is often formed with the first letters of the word that is being said, so it is a short form of the  word. The abbreviation often has a dot after it (Exception: there is no dot after ''kg'').

    As  examples :

    Inc. which stands for Incorporated.

    P. which stands for Page.

    As you can see from the examples, Inc. and P. are formed from the first letters of their respective words (Incorporated and Page.)

     

    - Secondly there are Acronyms:

    An acronym is an abbreviation, but it is formed from the first or first few letters or several words. They are generally written in capital.

    Here's an example:

    NATO. Which stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

    As shown, NATO is formed from the first 4 letters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

     

    - Lastly, we have Initialisms:

    An initialism is an abbreviation as well, but it is formed from the initial letters of a name or phrase. It is generally written in capital like Acronyms.

    An example is:

    FBI. Which stands for Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    As written, FBI is formed from the initial letters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

     

    In this exercise you will choose between Abbreviation,  Acronym or Initialism that best suits the abbreviation in the parentheses in the following sentences.

     

    Good luck!

     



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    1. I seriously need to start eating more, I weigh only about 36(kg) and I am 24 years old.

    2. You need to enter your personal (PIN) number to complete this transaction.

    3. They were many great presidents in the history of the (USA) .

    4. (FYI) : you should probably get a job as a policeman or a firefighter.

    5. You need to turn right at the next (Ave.) and then your destination should be on your left.

    6. Our math teacher gave us from (p.) 19 to 37, I will never finish them in time.

    7. (NASA) just sent another spaceship to the moon to examine its composition.

    8. Stop telling me that you saw a (UFO) , it was probably only a flying trash cover.

    9. (WHO) helps save millions of lives each year, it is really a helpful worldwide organisation.

    10. Stop adding water, the recipe says that the (max.) is 125 millimetres.









    End of the free exercise to learn English: Abbreviations
    A free English exercise to learn English.
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