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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #118199: Gerund or Infinitive
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Infinitive | -ing [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - Infinitive clause - FOR and its use - Gerund - Infinitive phrase - Infinitive in sentences - Look forward to/be used to - Past Simple or Past Continuous
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    Gerund or Infinitive

    Gerund  or Infinitive?

      Some  English  verbs   can  be  followed   either by  the   gerund or  the  infinitive or  by  both,  often  changing  their meaning .

     WHILE  begin,  start,   finish and  a few  others  can  be   usually   followed by    both  without  difference  in  meaning, mean, stop, try, forget, remember, regret, go on, change  their  meaning.

     Mean is  followed  by an  infinitive  when  it  expresses  an  intention.

    She  meant  to  write  her  memories (  she  had the intention  to ..)

    BUT, it  is  followed by  a  gerund  when  it refers  to   something that  has  to be  done  to achieve a  result.

    Taking  a  C1 level   means   having  to study   very hard.


    Stop   is followed  by  an infinitive  when   you stop   in order  to do  something   else.

    BUT , it  is  followed by  a  gerund when  you  interrupt an activity  and  don't do  it  any longer.   

    She  stopped  smoking because  her GP told  her  to.


    Try  is followed  by  an infinitive  when  you attempt  to  do something . When you try to do something, you make an effort to do it.

    When you try to do something, you may succeed, or you may fail.

    The   climbers    tried   to  reach  the summit before  the end  of  the day

    BUT it is followed  by  a gerund  when  you make  an experiment or   attempt  something unusual. When you try doing something, you do it with the intention of finding out what will happen when you do it.

    Have  you  ever tried  cooking  pasta in wine ?


    Forget   is followed  by  an infinitive   when  you have not  performed   an action.

    I  forgot  to wish   my  parents  a happy  anniversary.

    BUT  it  is followed  by  a gerund   when  you have  performed  the action but  forgotten  about it.

    I  forgot   introducing myself  before  and  introduced  myself  again.


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    English exercise "Gerund or Infinitive" created by carlabice47 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from carlabice47]
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    1. The gate was locked, so I tried (to open) it with a crowbar.

    2. I forgot (to let) the cat in and the poor thing miaowed all night.

    3. On his way home, he stopped (to buy) a present for his wife.

    4. Sorry, I didn't mean (to hurt) your feelings with such words.

    5. Do you remember (to meet) the Queen when she was visiting our university ?

    6. Stop (to talk) nonsense.

    7. She meant (to attend) an English Uni Course to improve her knowledge of the language.

    8. Don't forget (to switch off) the lights before leaving home.

    9. On his way home, Bill forgot (to refuel) and his car ran out of petrol in the middle of nowhere.

    10. I don't remember (to let) my friends know about my health.

    11. Reaching London in one day from Inverness means (to drive) for several hours.

    12. I'll never forget (to meet) Marlon Brando in Los Angeles.

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