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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #119025: Will/ would for beginners
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: BE, HAVE, DO, DID, WAS... | Frequent mistakes | Idioms [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Questions : how to ask them - Although / in spite of / despite - Differences between Like and As - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Do or Make?
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    Will/ would for beginners

    1) WILL et WOULD : auxiliaries of the FUTURE and the CONDITIONAL.

    Sequence ot tenses: simple present => future// preterite+> conditional.

     a) In the affirmative form    (Auxiliary) WILL => Subject + WILL ('ll)/ WOULD + Base form of the Verb.

     - If Jim doesn't obey, I'll punish him. 

     - Mum hoped her kid would win the match.

      b) In the interrogative form: in the future = Subject and Auxiliary inversion. ( no contractions)

                                                   WILL/ WOULD + Subject + Base Verb?

     - Will you lend him your car if he asks you to? 

     - Would she be angry if he lied to her ? 

     c) In the negative form: insert NOT between the auxiliary and the Base Verb: 

                                                   Subject + WILL + not + base Verb. Contracted form = 'won't'.

     He won't come here, though he promised to. 

      - I knew he wouldn't be on time as he left home too late.





    Affirmative Form = willpower: Of course, I'll win the match! (= because I want it).

    Negative Form = refusal: I knew he was stubborn and wouldn't yield! (= He refused to yield)

    The refusal is even extended to objects which may oppose human beings and seem to have a will of their own.

    -  My car won't start! = My car refuses to start! and the door won't open : It's stuck!  and the door refuses to open, it's stuck!



    3) The FREQUENTATIVE  FORM  This third form of will/would corresponds to an attitude or to a repetitive behaviour: it's the frequentative form...

         a) In the future, it corresponds to a regular attitude: frequent in proverbs:

     'Blood will tell'! ; 'Boys will be boys!' ; 'When the cat's away, the mice will play!'

     b) In the affirmative form of the future, "will" often corresponds to an obstination (it is stressed) and in the interrogative form, it sounds like an 'order':

    - He will come in without knocking! What a lack of education... 

    - Will you be quiet, please? 

      c) In the past (conditional), it often expresses the repetition of some facts which seem to characterise a person:

     - Granny would cook delicious cookies!

     - She would cuddle us and tell us stories every night before we went to sleep.


    To conclude...  Before starting studying a text, or translating a text, you should wonder whether will/would are:


    * expressions of the future/ conditional'SIMPLE FUTURE' OR 'FUTURE IN THE PAST'

    * expressions of a person's willpower= 'WILL POWER'

    * expressions of a habit= frequentative form! = 'CHARACTERISTIC HABIT' 

     BE CAREFUL  In the following exercise, for the first three sentences, FIRST, you'll be asked to choose the right verbal form of WILL/WOULD, THEN to find the value (meaning) of the modal (as it is formulated in the conclusion above! ) Then, for the rest of the exercise, simply choose "the right answer"! 

    Good luck for the exercise ...  I give you the FORCE 



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    1. Patrick admitted that he loved Sally and to marry her as soon as possible. (Here, what is the value of Will/ Would?)

    2. Sally answered that Patrick was a good friend, yet she him. (Here, what is the value of Will/ Would?)

    3. Whenever I came to visit Mollie, she my favourite dish to remind me of the good old time... (Here, what is the value of Will/ Would?)

    4. Mum if her daughter accepted to take her exam next week.

    5. 'As your friend the phone, it has been ringing and ringing for long minutes, now... It’s getting on my nerves!'

    6. ' still love me when I’m sixty- four?' the Beatles used to sing...

    7. ' I’ve left my purse at home... for my ticket, please, and I’ll pay you back tomorrow. '

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