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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #119351: Relative pronouns
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Pronouns | Relative sentences [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test : grammar for beginners - Relative pronouns: Who/whose/whom/which/of which - Relative pronoun - Relative pronoun That - What, which and all that - Who's... / Whose... - Whose and use - Relative Pronouns-That or Who
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Relative pronouns


    Relative pronouns are grammatical words used to link sentences in order to avoid the repeated information they involve.

     

    When two sentences are linked by a relative pronoun, they form the combination of: main clause + relative clause.

    e.g.Police stopped the car. The car was driving fast.

    * Police stopped the car that/which was driving fast

    Main clause: Police stopped the car

    Relative clause: that/which was driving fast

    Relative pronoun (a substitution to avoid repetition): that/which

    We have different types or relative pronouns. Each type may substitute: a person, an animal, a thing, a place, a thing that belongs to someone, or a person who is related to someone else. 

     

    1- Relative pronouns substituting a person: 

    Who, that

    e.g. * This is my father. My father works in the American embassy. 

    * This is my father who works in the American embassy. 

    * This is my father that works in the American embassy. 

    2- Relative pronouns substituting an animal

    That, which

    e.g. * The dog was barking all the night. The dog didn't let me sleep adequately. 

    * The dog, that was barking all the night, didn't let me sleep adequately. 

    * The dog, which was barking all the night, didn't let me sleep adequately. 

    3- Relative pronouns substituting a thing: 

    That, which

    e.g.She has a book. Everybody was looking for that book.

    * She has the book that everybody was looking for.

    * She has the book which everybody was looking for.

    4- Relative pronouns substituting a place:

    Where

    e.g.I dream of going to Malaysia. In Malaysia there's coupling of urbanism and beauty of nature.

    * I dream of going to Malaysia where coupling of urbanism and beauty of nature is there.

     

    5- Relative pronouns substituting a thing that belongs to someone

    Whose

    e.g.I visited my sister. My sister's leg is broken. 

    * I visited my sister whose leg is broken. 

     

    6- Relative pronouns substituting a person who is related to someone else: 

    Whose

    e.g.He's a doctor. The brother of the doctor died of a mere flu.

    * He's the doctor whose brother died of a mere flu.


    The relative pronoun 'That' is complicated as we can't use it anywhere, but we have to use it after a superlative for instance.

    Thus, it is not used very much in that test.

    Please read that interesting and helpful test ...  test

     

     



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    1. My English teacher, carried her studies in UK, has a brilliant British accent.

    2. Summer holidays, are starting soon, are the best period to learn languages.

    3. The student, father is a mathematician, failed the exam of Mathematics.

    4. She's the most beautiful girl I've ever seen.

    5. The bats and the owls are birds cannot see in the daylight.

    6. I bought a gift to my friend birthday is today.

    7. Petrol stations are places cigarettes shall not be lit.

    8. The letter, to it may concern, was sent yesterday by the Tribunal.

    9. She sold the car had been given by her mother.

    10. I prefer revising my lessons with my friend house is bigger.

    11. To be grateful, look at the ones are inferior to you.

    12. To be ungrateful, liken yourself to those are wealthier than you.

    13. This small town, my grandfather was born, has become a large modern city.

    14. That house, is next to ours, is for rent.









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