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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #119950: Vocabulary: aids and taxes.
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Banks, money | Countries and nationalities [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Bill, tip, fare, fine, fee - Geography-Vocabulary - Nationalities - Vocabulary: going to the bank... - Population growth - Countries - Atacama Desert, Chile - Global warming in the Arctic
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Vocabulary: aids and taxes.


    In order to help during the successive economic, humanitarian, or social crises, the different States have, in most cases, created some measures to provide the needy with help and ressources, or simply to help them have a better and easier life. 

    Those helps can take several forms, and are, most ot the time executed thanks to the care of social workers who are well informed and who can help: assist, advise, "encourage" a little, and always inform. 

     

                                                                            

     

    I) Your country's helping you...

     The Welfare State   *  Social services 
     Social work   A social worker     
     Social security (BrE)                 To be on social security             
     State aid (AE)   To refund 

    * What's the Welfare State? ( http://www.localhistories.org/welfare.html )

    The Welfare State is accountable for the well-being of the citizens of the country where it is practised, ensuring that a minimum standard of living can be reached by everyone;  those social measures include qualified staff informing and guiding future recipients  and of course, medical and social specialists who take care of them after making sure they are entitled to a precise help.  

    That system of measures varies a lot in the different countries all over the World. Besides, they may change very often (for better or for worse) depending  on political changes.

     

    * Fighting for people's health:

         In BRITAIN                          The DHSS                    

       The Department of HEALTH    

           and SOCIAL SECURITY 

            

       = The National Health Service                      


       In the USA                 MEDICARE/ MEDICAID        

     

                       

    * Fighting for people's security and "Pursuit of Happiness". 

     SOCIAL SECURITY   =   Helps unemployed and retired people. 

     

                       

    The National Health Service in Britain                   Medicare - Medicaid in the USA                    NHS : 1948 - 2018 Happy anniversary! 

     

     

    II)  What are your rights? 

    to be entitled to  
     to pay contributions to   
     benefits  to be on the dole (Familiar) 
     unemployment benefit (BE)              
     income support  to get sickness benefit 

     a work accident/ an occupational accident/               

     a work injury/ an industrial injury

     a disablement pension 
     a maternity allowance  family allowances 
     a housing benefit  the old age pension 
     a retirement pension  index-linked 
     to be retired  an OAP (Old Age pensioner)                       
     a retirement home/ old people's home  senior citizens 

                                                                                   

     

    III) How can a maximum of people be helped? Thanks to taxes and subscriptions...

    "pay-as-you-earn (British English)/ pay-as-you-go (American English) = your income-tax is taken when your work is paid for. 

     a taxpayer  income tax 
     the land tax  the wealth-tax  
     to be liable for tax  tax evasion 
     a tax form to do one's tax return  
     an exemption  the tax authorities 
     a  tax exemption  the tax collector 
     a tax haven  The value-added tax (VAT)   
     inclusive/ exclusive of tax                             duty-free                                                         

    The Inland Revenue= (BE) == The Internal Revenue (AE)

    "The rates" (BE) till1992= "the Council tax"  (former community tax/ Poll tax) 

                                           

     

     

    Let's hope you'll be able to find your way through the system concerning you, and through the following test, of course... 

     



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    1. « Come on guy, you’re not alone, you have rights... You should go and see a who’d explain all that to you...»


    2. As his income has decreased this year, he knows he will be granted next month.


    3. In Great Britain the takes care of the health and well-being of millions of citizens.


    4. Poor man! His are his only means of survival in the big city. He’ll be given help to find a job.


    5. He’s an invalid and only has his to live on.


    6. When you buy an object in Europe, the is always included and given to the State afterwards.


    7. Of course, is punished by the law, since all the states need money to realise investments and help poor people to survive.


    8. Nowadays, are fearing their purchasing power might go on decreasing more and more.


    9. If you don’t pay your taxes on time, the won’t forget you and will fine you heavily.


    10. I know this country is considered as a , but it’s also the most beautiful place to live in...


     

     

                                                                        








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