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Vocabulary: aids and taxes.
In order to help during the successive economic, humanitarian, or social crises, the different States have, in most cases, created some measures to provide the needy with help and ressources, or simply to help them have a better and easier life.
Those helps can take several forms, and are, most ot the time executed thanks to the care of social workers who are well informed and who can help: assist, advise, "encourage" a little, and always inform.
I) Your country's helping you...
|The Welfare State *||Social services|
|Social work||A social worker|
|Social security (BrE)||To be on social security|
|State aid (AE)||To refund|
* What's the Welfare State? ( http://www.localhistories.org/welfare.html )
The Welfare State is accountable for the well-being of the citizens of the country where it is practised, ensuring that a minimum standard of living can be reached by everyone; those social measures include qualified staff informing and guiding future recipients and of course, medical and social specialists who take care of them after making sure they are entitled to a precise help.
That system of measures varies a lot in the different countries all over the World. Besides, they may change very often (for better or for worse) depending on political changes.
* Fighting for people's health:
|In BRITAIN||The DHSS|
The Department of HEALTH
and SOCIAL SECURITY
|= The National Health Service|
|In the USA||MEDICARE/ MEDICAID|
* Fighting for people's security and "Pursuit of Happiness".
SOCIAL SECURITY = Helps unemployed and retired people.
The National Health Service in Britain Medicare - Medicaid in the USA NHS : 1948 - 2018 Happy anniversary!
II) What are your rights?
|to be entitled to ||to pay contributions to|
|benefits||to be on the dole (Familiar)|
|unemployment benefit (BE)|
|income support||to get sickness benefit|
a work accident/ an occupational accident/
a work injury/ an industrial injury
|a disablement pension|
|a maternity allowance||family allowances|
|a housing benefit||the old age pension|
|a retirement pension||index-linked|
|to be retired||an OAP (Old Age pensioner)|
|a retirement home/ old people's home||senior citizens|
III) How can a maximum of people be helped? Thanks to taxes and subscriptions...
"pay-as-you-earn (British English)/ pay-as-you-go (American English) = your income-tax is taken when your work is paid for.
|a taxpayer||income tax|
|the land tax||the wealth-tax|
|to be liable for tax||tax evasion|
|a tax form||to do one's tax return|
|an exemption||the tax authorities|
|a tax exemption||the tax collector|
|a tax haven||The value-added tax (VAT)|
|inclusive/ exclusive of tax||duty-free|
The Inland Revenue= (BE) == The Internal Revenue (AE)
"The rates" (BE) till1992= "the Council tax" (former community tax/ Poll tax)
Let's hope you'll be able to find your way through the system concerning you, and through the following test, of course...
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