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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #120744: Vocabulary: moral values
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Idioms | Politeness [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Vocabulary: greeting people - Imperative mode and its tags. - Can/could/may... Must/have to... - Vocabulary: avoid saying: I don't know! - Vocabulary: Sorry! (Let's apologise!) - Vocabulary: Thanking everyone - Vocabulary: appointments: how to make, postpone, cancel them - Vocabulary: clarifying a dialogue.
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Vocabulary: moral values


    Our values!? That's a very full agenda! Some people complain about the disappearance of the common values (or that they are really dying out...) Yet, it's our duty to pass onto our kids and grandkids some moral and ethic values without which our society couldn't endure. 

     

    Respecting some values, "accepting" them, makes a certain social harmony possible. Those values may be dependent on the different civilisations and cultures, but on the upbringing and education people have received, integrated and decided to implement (or not!).

    Some "universally accepted moral values" are fundamental.  Let's quote: Peace - Freedom - Social Progress - Equal Rights - Human Dignity. In this lesson, we'll stick to individual values, but of course, we should not forget the collective, professional and global levels. For the individuals, the main secondary values are: accepting responsibility for personal actions and for the consequences of these actions, accepting a duty of care, affirming the individual's right to self-determination, the truth first, being honest, honouring agreements, integrity, a duty towards our elders and towards future generations etc.

     

                                         

                                      GOOD or EVIL?                                                        Right or Wrong? 

     

     A value  A system of value 
     Good Bad/ evil 
     To know right from wrong                                  = To know good from evil                                  
     It's the right thing to do  It's the wrong thing to do 

     

     

                                                      

                       ... a clear conscience...                                          Rightness

                  

     

     A wrong  To be wrong 
     Wrongly  A fault/ a defect/ a failing 
     To be at fault   An error/ erroneous 
     Right=> to be right  Rightly/ rightness 
     A duty  It's his duty to do it! 
     Moral/ ethical  Immoral/ unethical
     To have a clear conscience                              To have something on one's conscience                        
     Just/ fair * Justice/ fairness 
     Unjust/ unfair Injustice/ unfairness 


    * In English, there are two words to express "justice":  you may speak about what is FAIR or what is JUST

    Not every native speaker makes a real difference between the two words consciously... 

    https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/100576/whats-the-difference-between-just-and-fair

    Let's remember that strict equality is "fair" whereas "just" takes what it is morally normal to give one person or another one according to more subjective criteria. 

    Fair = both sides are equal; Just = the morally good side wins. 

     

     

                                                                             

     

    IN ORDER TO ACT "WELL", we must understand what is at stake:                      

     To understand  Understanding 

     Understandable

     Comprehensible   

     Understanding

     Comprehension 

     intelligible   Intelligibility 
     To make oneself understood                                    To manage to understand 
     It makes sense  To realise that 
     To grasp To be within/ beyond sby's grasp                          
     To follow  To gather that/ stg
     ... so I gather  I don't see the point of it

     

                                                                                 

     

     To fail to understand  to make a mistake/ be mistaken      
     To miss the point a misunderstanding   
     To have a mistaken idea of   ... not the faintest idea...
      I'm quite lost/ 'm at sea it's puzzling 
     To be unfathomable  as far as I know/ as I can tell... 
     The know-how to do something knowingly 
     To know stg like the back of your hand                          = to know very well                           
     To be a mine of information  to be a know-all/ a know-it-all 
     To be a walking encyclopedia  to be knowledgeable about 
     A basic/ slight knowledge   thorough knowledge 
     To be learned  to know everything about 

     

     

                                                                        

     

    SOME IDIOMS ABOUT THE SUBJECT: 

    - It's beyond all understanding/ all comprehension

    - It suddenly dawned on him that= he suddenly understood... 

    - I can't make head or tail of this!= I don't understand anything whatsoever!

    - To shed light on something= help to explain it or make it easier to understand.

    - He's not the brightest bulb in the box/ not the sharpest knife in the drawer/ not the sharpest tool in the shed= not very intelligent.

    - ... until the penny drops= until he understands... 

    - To jump to conclusions= to make decisions too fast

    - A light bulb moment= a sudden moment of inspiration.

    (the) brains behind something= the person thought to have planned and organised everything.

    - It's Chinese arithmetic= something very complicated or difficult to understand.

     

    This should be enough for beginners (and even for intermediate learners...) to manage pretty well.    That's why you may find the following test quite easy, my aim here being to encourage hardworking learners to go a little further in lessons.

    To all of You, I give THE FORCE!  

     



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    1. «Come on, Lucy, you’re old enough to , now, especially after hearing my point of view...»



    2. «Yes, I’ll tell the truth, , even if I may be punished...»



    3. «He had imagined I had cheated during the test, I’m glad he knows that I hadn’t...»



    4. 'Really, , can you explain all that to me, I can’t understand anything just now...'



    5. «Look at this, I can’t understand at all and can’t . I need a pause...»



    6. « You seem to that he had lent you some money, not given it to you... You must pay it back to him.»



    7. «I am afraid you have a of what this job consists in... Let me explain it to you...»



    8. «I hoped I had , but I’ll repeat: it’s completely out of the question... I won’t work with you...»



    9. What I’ve heard is quite ... Who will be able to explain it to me?»



    10. 'When I read this book I don't understand a word of what is written... What is explained in it is to me! '











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