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Vocabulary: Justice (sentences)
In preceding lessons about The Police test, and Justice test, I had voluntarily stopped before the accused was sentenced, condemned, or released... declared guilty of an offence, or a crime, or not guilty and released, on restricted conditions, or a free citizen.
Here, we'll study these possibilities... It is one aspect of our present society...
|The prison authorities|
A detention centre
An approved school = BE
|A top-security wing|
A reform school
A reformatory = US
|To imprison/ to jail||Behind bars|
|A conviction||A sentence|
|A penitentiary||... behind bars...||A prisoner/ an inmate/ a convict|
|A prison cell||Solitary confinement|
A prison warder/ wardress BR/
a prison guard (US)
|A fine||A suspended sentence|
|To serve a sentence|
Prison for life/ a life sentence
|Solitary confinement||On parole|
|An alternative sentence||A suspended sentence|
|A reduction in one's sentence||Corporal punishment|
|Released on bail||Released on parole|
|Deportation||Death penalty / capital punishment|
|To be under house arrest||An execution => the executioner|
|To be hanged *||The gallows|
|To behead sb||The scaffold|
|The electric chair||The firing squad|
|A lethal injection||To execute/ to put to death|
To be hanged *: when dealing with the sentence to death, the verb "to hang" is regular both in the preterite and the past participle.
Not every country in the world has abolished capital punishment. Yet, in several countries where it hasn't been, statistics show that it's used less and less often...
For dangerous criminals, the alternative sentence which is most often enforced is prison for life/ life sentence with mandatory minimum sentences depending on the different countries. Yet, overpopulation in prisons being what it is, this prison sentence is often reduced. Then, it's replaced by a fine, an electronic tag and a judicial supervision if the ex-convict is no longer dangerous for himself and for society.
|A fine||House arrest||Electronic tag|
There will still be the difficult task of rehabilitation of the ex-convict in order to avoid recidivism.
As for you, a much simpler task is expecting you: the following test which you're sure to pass with flying colours!
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