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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #121424: Vocabulary: Justice (sentences)
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Find the word | United Kingdom [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Differences between Like and As - Bill, tip, fare, fine, fee - Tall, high, great
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Vocabulary: Justice (sentences)


     

    In preceding lessons about The Police testand Justice test, I had voluntarily stopped before the accused was sentenced, condemned, or released... declared guilty of an offence, or a crime,  or not guilty and released, on restricted conditions, or a free citizen.

    Here, we'll study these possibilities... It is one aspect of our present society...  

     

     The prison authorities       

     A detention centre 

     An approved school = BE        

     A top-security wing 

     A reform school

     A reformatory = US

     A mutiny  Overcrowding
     To imprison/ to jail                  Behind bars  
     A conviction   A sentence 

     

          
                A penitentiary                     ... behind bars...               A prisoner/ an inmate/ a convict
      
                  A prison cell              Solitary confinement

                A prison warder/ wardress BR/

                       a prison guard (US)

    https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-a-crime-an-offence-and-a-criminal-offence

     

     A fine  A suspended sentence 
     To serve  a sentence  

     Life imprisonment

     Prison for life/ a life sentence  

     Solitary confinement  On parole 
     An alternative sentence   A suspended sentence 
     A reduction in one's sentence                                      Corporal punishment 
     Released on bail Released on parole
     Deportation  Death penalty / capital punishment                                  
     To be under house arrest  An execution => the executioner
     To be hanged  * The gallows 
     To behead sb The scaffold
     The electric chair The firing squad 
     A lethal injection To execute/ to put to death

    To be hanged *: when dealing with the sentence to death, the verb "to hang" is regular both in the preterite and the past participle.  

     

    Not every country in the world has abolished capital punishment. Yet, in several countries where it hasn't been, statistics show that it's used less and less often... 

    For dangerous criminals, the alternative sentence  which is most often enforced is prison for life/ life sentence  with mandatory minimum sentences depending on the different countries.  Yet, overpopulation in prisons being what it is, this prison sentence is often reduced. Then, it's replaced by a fine, an electronic tag and a judicial supervision if the ex-convict is no longer dangerous for himself and for society. 

                                    

        
                              A fine                    House arrest                       Electronic tag

     

    There will still be the difficult task of rehabilitation of the ex-convict in order to avoid recidivism. 

    As for you, a much simpler task is expecting you: the following test which you're sure to pass with flying colours! 

     



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    1. In this brand-new penitentiary, there’s a where the most dangerous criminals are detained.



    2. As he will soon be released, the prisoner will be given an to get ready for rehab.



    3. In this prison, can borrow books from a library and attend English and Maths lessons if they want to.



    4. As it was his first offence, the young delinquent was given a . Let’s hope he’ll have understood the lesson.



    5. As Ray is a minor offender and the breadwinner of his family, he’ll soon be given a and will resume his job as a mechanic.



    6. Prisons are so overcrowded that minor offenders now wear , and report to the police every two weeks.



    7. «You shouldn’t park here... If you do, you’ll be and you might even lose your car.»



    8. As he kept fighting with other prisoners, and had injured one of them, the inmate was sent to for two weeks.



    9. «Nobody was surprised when the murderer was condemned to . Everyone thought he had deserved it.»



    10. In Great Britain, death penalty for murder charges was abolished in 1965. Before that date, murderers .











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