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Vocabulary: advising - ordering
It's difficult to teach without really "giving lessons" or lecturing! You should guide without imposing too much, correct indulgently, without criticising too much... Yet, this vocabulary is necessary to everyone. Very often, in our daily life, we have to warn, or give a tip, recommend, and sometimes even demand... That's why it's necessary to know the differences between the following words and expressions...
I) ADVISING: What do you recommend?
Beware! The verb takes an S => to adviSe; the noun (uncountable in the singular) = adviCe => a piece of advice; your advice is good.
|To advise||Advice+ Verb in the singular|
|To advise sb to do stg||To seek advice from sb about stg|
|To advise sb against stg||To ask sb's advice against stg|
|To seek advice from sb/ about stg||Advisable|
|To recommend stg to sb||To advocate stg|
|To guide sb||To warn sb about stg|
|A warning||To exhort to do/ urge to do|
|To take heed of sth||To give sb a tip|
To consult sb about (GB)
To consult with sb about stg (US)
|To counsel sb|
|A counsellor||In consultation of|
- If I were you, I would...
- In your place, I would...
- If I were in your shoes, I would...
- I advise you to...
- It seems advisable to...
- If you want my advice...
- You'd be right/ wrong to ...
- You should/ shouldn't ... / You ought to do/ ought not to do that...
- Let me give you a word of advice...
- If you take my advice, you will.../ won't...
- You'd better do that... / You'd better not do that...
- On no account should you...
|An order||To order sb to do sth|
|On the orders of||To tell sb to do sth|
To have stg done
To get stg done
To make sb do sth
To get sb to do stg
To instruct sb to do
To give sb the job of doing
|On the instruction of|
|To command sb to do stg||To demand that|
|To summon sb to do||A summons (+ singular)|
I had my hair cut... Err... In fact, I cut my hair...
- That's an order!
- You must do this without fail!
- I'm impelled to ask you to do so...
- Do so at once!
1) Use the imperative forms: The imperative form is used (in the affirmative or in the negative form) to build orders...
- Be quiet!
- Take care !
- Listen to me carefully! Don't listen to her!
2) A modal verb turns the order into a request and is, then, more polite:
- Make some tea=> Could you make me some tea?
- Shut the door! => Will you shut the door please?
3) An introductory phrase softens the order and is polite too:
- Would you mind... (+ ing) (Most indirect)
- Would you mind opening the door for her?
- I was hoping you could... (+ infinitive without to)
- I was hoping you could stay a little more to help her.
- Do you think you could... (+ infinitive without to)
- Do you think you could do the washing up for her...
- If you have a couple of minutes...
- If you have a couple of minutes, I'd be glad to talk a little...
- I'd like you to...
- I'd like you to help me do this difficult exercise...
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