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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #122823: Many - much and locutions
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Idioms | Plural | Quantities [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Plural - Plural forms - Placement test 1 - Countable or Uncountable? - Some / Any / Much / Many - Some and any - Plural of words - Verb-singular or plural?
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Many - much and locutions



    1) When to use MUCH or MANY. (meaning A LOT, they express a big quantity):


    MUCH + uncountable:  quickly, and putting it in simple terms, uncountables cannot be "counted".

    - They can't be put in the plural. The verb is ALWAYS IN THE SINGULAR.

    They can't be preceded by a number (cardinal : one, two, three... etc.) or ordinal : (first, second, third ...), by 'few/ a few/ many',or by the indefinite article 'a/ an'.

    - They can be preceded by 'some, any, no', by 'little', 'a little', much, this/ that ( but not by 'these/  those'  which indicate plurals).


    To be more precise, we should use 'a lot ofor 'a piece of'... or omit the indefinite article.





    cottonirongoldvelvet, chocolatebutter beer teawine, business, work, swimming, housing...  

    furnitureluggage (in British English)/ baggage (in American English).

    - a set of abstract  things: corresponding to plurals in French:   

    - information/ advice/ progress/ news/ knowledge/ evidence/ nonsense/ trouble, etc.

    - Not much chocolate/ much/ a lot of work/ much furniture/ much evidence/                                                          

    MANY accompanies a countable noun (in the plural) : countables can be «counted» and there are quite a lot of them...

    - They are used in the singular or in the plural. 

    - They can be preceded by a number (cardinal or ordinal), by 'many', 'few', 'a few', 'several', 'these' and 'those', 'a' or 'an' ...

    - cats/ dogs/ students / tables / cups/ ....

    Some words are sometimes countables, and sometimes uncountables : (cf test 105884  test . The test following this lesson won't deal with these "changing words"... 

    2)   Some phrases are formed with MUCH and MANY... (They follow the same rules...)


    a)   HOW MUCH + singular / HOW MANY + plural= questioning about a quantity. 

    -  How much butter do you eat a week ?

    -  How many books can he carry alone ?




    b)   As much + singular... as ... // as many + plural... as = showing equality between two elements. 

    -  I don't have as much free time as I'd like to.

    -  He'll have as many shares as the other investors...


    c)   So much + singular... that ...// so many +plural... that = so much so that...

    - There's so much inflation in this country that the whole population is affected.

    -  He wants so many presents for Xmas that I don't know what to buy...





    d)  Too much + singular // too many + plural = Too many/ much ... (an excessive quantity)

    - He has too much work and should have assistants to help him.

    - I have too many problems to solve now...





    e)   TWICE/ THREE TIMES / FOUR TIMES as much +uncountable as... /// TWICE/ THREE TIMES/ FOUR TIMES as many +countable... as... 

             -  He earns twice as much money as his wife.

           - There are ten times as many students now as there were in our days...




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    1. 'Iím sorry I donít have to give about the event.Iíll know more tomorrow.'

    2. There are standing in the line before me that I donít think Iíll manage to get in.

    3. 'Youíre making ... Stop it now, or Iíll send you to bed.'

    4. 'Donít worry... Youíll get to do this work as youíll need. '

    5. Thereís in that area that heíll have to leave it if he wants to find a job.

    6. This company has now as when it started business.

    7. She drinks would be reasonable. Itís bad for her health.

    8. ' does he have? ' ' Just one bag and his laptop. He should be able to carry it alone.'

    9. Our teacher gave us and I wonít have enough time to do all of them.

    10. Thereís in this very small room and we can hardly move.


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