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Stative or dynamic verbs
Verbs (stative or dynamic)
Stative verbs explain a state situation not an action. Therefore, we usually don't use them in the present continuous tense. State verbs are divided in four categories based on relation.
A – Thinking and idea: agree, believe,doubt, guess, imagine, know, mean, recognize, remember, suspect, think, and understand.
B – Feeling and passion: dislike, hate,like, love, prefer, want, wish.
C – Sensation and understanding: Appear,be, feel, hear, look, see, seem, smell, taste.
D – Ownership and assessment: belong, have, measure, own, possess, weigh.
We usually can't use state verbs to build a sentence in present continuous tense because the meaning of the verb is a fact not an action. We can use a few of them in present continuous based on the conditions of the sentence. In this case, the stative verb will change to dynamic verb.
Some stative (state) verbs
Agree, believe, doubt, guess, imagine, know, mean, recognise, remember, suspect, think, understand, dislike,hate, like, love, prefer, want, wish, appear, be, feel, hear, look, see, seem,smell, taste, belong, have, measure, own, possess, weigh...
Some stative or dynamic (action) verbs (based on situation in the sentence)
Have, see, be, taste, agree, appear, doubt, feel, guess, hear, imagine,look, measure, remember, smell, weigh, and wish.
Sometimes verbs have stative (state) or dynamic (action) form. But some verbs can use stative as well as dynamic. It depends on the situation in the text.
1 – Do you see any problems with the new plan? (State verb – opinion).
2 – We're seeing Daisy tomorrow afternoon. (Action verb – We're meeting her).
The first sentence describes an idea. Therefore we only can use present simple tense.
In the second sentence the person is dynamically processing a thought about something.Therefore, we can use present continuous tense.
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