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Vocabulary: generosity and meanness
We're really not going to deal with "MONEY" itself, or silver... but with the feelings it inspires: an excessive, exaggerated, abnormal desire to keep and hoard money, not only because of the power it may grant, but also because of the effects and feelings of satisfaction to "own much" or to possess an exaggerated quantity of money to touch and admire. Scrooge McDuck loves money, has tons of it, bathes in gold, hoards and saves...
On the contrary, some other people spend without limits, including the money that they don't have. In fact, you'll realise that conversations deal with the topic very much and quite often.
To be extravagant= to spend too much...
|Generous/ generosity||To be open-handed|
|To spare no expense to do stg||Selfless/ unselfish|
|Extravagant||To spend lavishly|
|To be a spendthrift||To spend money like water|
|To squander||To be self-indulgent|
|To pay in cold hard cash|
Greed To be a skinflint
|Mean/ miserly||A miser|
To be close-fisted
To be tight-fisted
|Greedy||A skinflint/ a cheapstake|
|To save money||To skimp/ to scrimp|
|To be thrifty||An egoist|
To be self-centred
To be self-centered
To be broke= to have no money left To make a bundle
A FEW IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS:
- A penny-pincher/ tightwad (US)/ cheapskate/ skinflint
- To be cheeseparing/ to be penny-pinching
- To go broke: to lose all of one's money
- A Dutch Treat: both persons pay their own way, also known as “going Dutch”.
- To grease your palm: to bribe or give a tip.
- Hit the Jackpot: to make a lot of money
- To make a bundle: to make (earn) a large amount of money.
- In the Red: this indicates a situation that is not making a profit.
- "Penny for your thoughts": to ask someone what they are thinking about, often used when a person appears to be lost in thought.
There you are! Quite a lot of varied expressions... but you won't have to know them all - and I selected the most frequent ones.
I'm sure you'll do great!
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