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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #124437: Vocabulary: social aids and insurances.
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Banks, money | Frequent mistakes | Idioms [Change theme]
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    Vocabulary: social aids and insurances.

    In test, we have seen that the financial resources of the citizens of a country could be extremely different. Out of concern for fairness and social inclusion, most states and countries have elaborated systems of Social Services (which are more or less generous) to make up for these inequalities and make sure every citizen may enjoy as decent a life as possible. 







    The Welfare State is a system that allows the government of a country to provide social services such as healthcare, unemployment benefit, etc. to people who need them, paid for by taxes.


     The Welfare State   The social services 
     A social worker   Social administration   
     Social security (GB)/ State aid (US)                                                                             To be on social security  
     To refund   An allowance for something                    
     To be entitled to stg  Housing benefit

     social security (US)





     An old age pension                                                                                         A retirement pension   
     Index-linked   To be retired 

     A pensioner/ 

     An old age pensioner/ an OAP.            

     Senior citizens  

     A retirement home

     An old people's home 



    The system of different insurances is necessary to bring funds to the States and countries. 

     A car/ fire/ life insurance   to insure stg against theft    
     To take out an insurance against                                                                         civil liability
     An insurance policy   a premium 
     A policy holder   an all-risks policy 
     A comprehensive insurance   an insurance agent 


    - You can get it on the NHS : (National Health Service).  Paid by the NHS.



    Taxes are, of course, an important part of the resources of the different countries and States. 

     Tax   A taxpayer
     Income tax
     Land tax 
     Wealth tax   To pay tax on stg                    
     To be liable for tax                                                                                                   Tax evasion 
     To evade taxation   A tax form 
     A tax allowance/ rebate   A tax exemption
     A tax haven   The tax collector 


    A very common system for Income Taxes:  

    "pay-as-you-earn" (GB)/ "pay-as-you-go" (US): "A pay-as-you-go system" is one in which you pay for a service before you use it (the share you should give is taken away from your monthly wages).

    => to do one's tax return= to fill in a complementary form 

    The Tax Authorities/ The Inland Revenue (GB)/ The Internal Revenue (US).




     A tax on something     Inclusive/ exclusive tax 
     Duty free   The discount rate 
     The rates (GB)  = The council tax (1982)
     Value added tax (GB)                                                                                     =   Consumption tax           


    Taxes are, of course, very different by their nature and amount in the different countries. The allowances and aids provided to the needy are too. 


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    English exercise "Vocabulary: social aids and insurances." created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1. Since the beginning of the system, it has become much easier to do your every year.

    2. Tell your friend Marsha that if she can’t find help on her own, she shouldn’t hesitate to see a who will lead her to the right persons.

    3. I knew that savings were good, but I had never thought that such allowances could exit too.

    4. Martha’s mother has chosen to live in a not far from where her daughter is living.

    5. A thief has broken into my property, but my says I must have the police report before calling the company.

    6. With all the money he has earned this year, he will provide for his whole family and will even be too.

    7. The very rich may be tempted to just because they think they'd give too much to the state if they didn't.

    8. As I have overpaid some fees, I’ll have a transferred to my bank account in a few weeks.

    9. This job comes with a partial , which is a real perk.



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