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Prepositions - 1
PREPOSITIONS are invariable words placed before, after - or not at all - with nouns and pronouns [ Very convenient, isn't it? ! ] ( verbs - nouns - pronouns - adjectives ) in English and in French... Yet, their usage is very different in the two languages.
For this chapter, I'm afraid you'll have to learn the main English prepositions together with the word they accompany most of the time (for instance, you should learn the adjective and its preposition together etc. Thus, your work will be much easier.
THE MAIN PREPOSITIONS in English:
ABOUT: (concerning/ on the subject of/ approximately/ near/ here or there)
- to think about something / someone
AT: (used to indicate a point, place, or location, as an address/ a point of time/ a location or position on a scale, or in order/ an occurrence or when something happens/ amount, degree, or rate/ a direction, goal, or an attempt to do something or reach something/; it quite often indicates aggressiveness.)
- good/ bad at math// to laugh at// clever at // surprised/ amazed at
BY: (near to or next to/ past/ to/ into/ at/ during/ not later than/ before/ (of a part of the body: holding onto)/ according to
- a play by Shakespeare// A film by Disney.
FOR: (with the object or purpose of/ intended to belong to, benefit, or be used by or with/ appropriate or adapted to/ in return for/ in exchange for/ in order to obtain, gain, or acquire/ in favour of/ on the side of/ instead of/ in punishment of/ by reason of/ because of/ in spite of/)
- To be responsible for // to apologise for stg // late for school: // It's time for: // the reason for something.
FROM: (used to specify a starting point in space or time/ a starting point in an expression of limits or amounts/ the idea of being removed or separated/ used to express discrimination or separation into different kinds/ the source or origin/ to indicate agent, means, cause or reason)
- To borrow/ take/ steal/ from somebody // to suffer from // to hide something from someone // to escape from a place/ someone.
IN: (refers to space, a place, or to something that puts limits on something else/ the following noun includes something within it
- to be interested in// interested in something// to take part in, to participate in // to succeed in doing something// dressed in.
INTO: (to the inside of/ in toward/ used to indicate entry, inclusion, or introduction in a place or condition)
- to turn into / to divide into / to translate into/
OF: made of wood.
ON: (so as to be or to remain supported by/ within the required limits of/ at the time or occasion of/ ...)
To depend on/ to live on/ to spend money on / to congratulate on/ congratulations on/ to be keen on/ to get on a bus/ train/ plane.
TO: (used to express motion or direction toward a place, person, or thing approached and reached)
- to be kind/ nice/ polite/ rude/ to somebody // married to/
WITH: (accompanied by, in relation to)
- delighted/ happy/ pleased/ satisfied with something // disappointed with // angry with // to cover with // to fill with.
That's it! You "only have to" learn a little, remember and use as much and as well as possible. Very quickly, you'll know and produce a word and its right preposition: it will then have become an automatic and instinctive action...Train as much as necessary! Practice makes perfect!
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