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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #124645: Past perfect
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Plu-perfect [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Past perfect - Pluperfect - Choosing your past tense... - Life accident 1 - Life accident 2 - Past Perfect Simple or V-ing - Dream and Back to reality 2/2 - Past Perfect
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    Past perfect


    We use the Past perfect tense when we want to show that an action or event happened before another action or event in the past. It is not important which action or event comes in the first part of the sentence. Below, action A happened first and action or event B came in the second part of a sentence.

    John had gone out (A) when I arrived in the office (B).  In the first part of sentence we use past perfect tense and in the second part we use past simple tense.

    It is not important which of the two actions or events come in the first clause. These two clauses in the sentence are the same. In other words, when an activity was completed in the past we use past perfect tense. We use it when we want to focus attention that an action or event was completed before another action or event occurred. The past perfect tense is not used in English as much as other tenses, but it is very useful if we use it properly.

    Affirmative form: Subject + auxiliary verb (have – past form) + main verb (Past participle). e.g.,she had given.

    Negative form: Subject + auxiliary verb (have –past form) + n't + main verb (past participle).e.g., she hadn't asked.

    Interrogative form: Auxiliary verb (have- past form) + subject + main verb (past participle). e.g.,Had you arrived?

    Interrogative negative: Auxiliary verb (have - past tense) + n't + subject + main verb (past participle).e.g., Hadn't you finished?

    Past perfect With JUST: JUST is used with past perfect in a sentence to show an action or an event happened only a short time before now. e.g., The bus had just left when I arrived at the bus stop.

    Important notice 1: In the case of the existence of only one action or event, we don't  use the past perfect tense even if it happened a long time ago.

    Past perfect and before: BEFORE can also  be used in past perfect tense when an event or an action was not completed when a past simple action or event occurred. e.g., They left before I'd spoken to them sadly. The author died before he'd finished the series.

    Adverbs Some adverbs are used in the past perfect tense. These adverbs are: already,still, just, ever or never.

    Important notice 2: The short form of had is “ 'd”. We must pay attention because the short form of would is also ‘ 'd'. But after would the infinitive form of the verb is used.

    Please use the correct form of the verbs.


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    English exercise "Past perfect" created by farshid with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from farshid]
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    1. Kate wanted to see a movie, but her father (not/repair) the television set.

    2. Ann didn't sleep well because she (receive) bad news.

    3. Players lost many games because they (have/not) a good coach.

    4. Jack (meet) Lucy before you introduced him to us at the conference.

    5. You (study) French before you moved to Paris.

    6. I (see/never) such a beautiful view before I went to Vancouver.

    7. We were not able to stay at the restaurant since we (reserve/not) a table.

    8. Daisy knew Madrid very well because she (live) there for ten years.

    9. Harry solved the problem in maths because he (practise) all weekend.

    10. Before Catty did her homework, she (stay) after school for help.

    11. The cat (chase) the mouse before it went out of the yard.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Past perfect
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