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Limits - distance, time, quantity
The notion of limit, of point of reference, "JUSQU'À" in French, may, as we know, be used in different fields. This notion may express a DISTANCE, a TIME, as well as a MEASURE or a QUANTITY. Therefore, we'll have to think in reference to the context (as you should ALWAYS do! ) before choosing the expression to express this limit.
I) Expressing the limit of a DISTANCE : to, as far as...
TO simply indicates the place of arrival; AS FAR AS insists on the nature of the distance (whether it is long or short).
- "Yes, you may walk to school alone, but I'll go with you as far as the dangerous junction to make sure you're careful enough there."
🔹 In the interrogative form: HOW FAR...? How far will he have to go to see you?
🔹 DOWN TO: Please, translate this text down to line 15.
II) Expressing a TIME: until, till, up to...
- Paul was married to Joan till 2010, when they got divorced.
🔹 Up to now, up to a certain point : so far, up to now, until now...
- I don't understand you so far... You'll have to explain again in a clearer way...
III) Expressing QUANTITIES and MEASURES: up to, as much as /as many as...
🔹 UP TO indicates a maximum figure. AS MANY AS + countables // AS MUCH AS + uncountables: this construction adds the idea that the quantity is judged important.
- On this road, you can drive up to 70 mph... but you never do because of the traffic jams.
- He can drink as many as 5 pints of beer a night...
That's it! Not difficult, is it? Go for it!
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