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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #124807: Finals in -y and -ie
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Alphabet | Find the missing letter | How words are built [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - The alphabet in English - English alphabet - Vocabulary: making verbs - Vocabulary: words starting with self- - CH phonemes - Means, results : a synthesis... - CH phonemes - CH phonemes
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    Finals in -y and -ie

    In this lesson, we're going to tackle two difficulties regarding spelling, though they have a grammatical basis. Students of English often make mistakes there, though it's quite easy to avoid them! Let's hope you'll find these points clearer at the end of the lesson.





    I) The difficulties of words ending with a Y or the sound [i]? 

    a) When a special ending ( plural- third person singular or suffixes) must be added to a word ending with a Y preceded by a consonant, the Y must be changed into an I. 

    - busy=>busier/ business // happy=> happier/ happiness// carry=> carried=> carriage// marry=> married/ marriage// pity=> pitiable/ pitiful

    NB:  Nouns and verbs ending with a Y preceded by a consonant have their plural or third person singular (in the simple present ) in -IES. 

    - lady=> ladies// (mais boy=> boys - Y preceded by a vowel)

    - to marry=> marries/ married/ marriage// (but to stay=> he stays - Y preceded by a vowel)



     a pony=> 2 ponies                               



        a fairy=> 2 fairies


    II) a Y does not change if placed after a vowel (see above) or when placed before - ing or - ish:

    - To play=> player/ playing. // To stay=> he stays/ staying/ To marry=> marrying// To carry=> he carried=> carrying

    - Baby=> babies=> babyish/ forty (40)=> fortyish (around forty)

    Exceptions: say (said) - lay (laid) - pay ( paid) which are irregular forms.





    III)  -IE is turned into -Y before -ING.  

    - die=> dying// lie=> lying// tie=> tying. 



       V= vowel; C= consonant


    You see! That was easy! Now, you can face the test! Go for it!  

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    English exercise "Finals in -y and -ie" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    10. Even in his early thirties, Brian still had a attitude in front of life and responsibilities.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Finals in -y and -ie
    A free English exercise to learn English.
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