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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #124807: Finals in -y and -ie
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Alphabet | Find the missing letter | How words are built [Change theme]
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    Finals in -y and -ie


    In this lesson, we're going to tackle two difficulties regarding spelling, though they have a grammatical basis. Students of English often make mistakes there, though it's quite easy to avoid them! Let's hope you'll find these points clearer at the end of the lesson.

     

     

     

     

    I) The difficulties of words ending with a Y or the sound [i]? 

    a) When a special ending ( plural- third person singular or suffixes) must be added to a word ending with a Y preceded by a consonant, the Y must be changed into an I. 

    - busy=>busier/ business // happy=> happier/ happiness// carry=> carried=> carriage// marry=> married/ marriage// pity=> pitiable/ pitiful

    NB:  Nouns and verbs ending with a Y preceded by a consonant have their plural or third person singular (in the simple present ) in -IES. 

    - lady=> ladies// (mais boy=> boys - Y preceded by a vowel)

    - to marry=> marries/ married/ marriage// (but to stay=> he stays - Y preceded by a vowel)

     

            

     a pony=> 2 ponies                               

     

       

        a fairy=> 2 fairies

     

    II) a Y does not change if placed after a vowel (see above) or when placed before - ing or - ish:

    - To play=> player/ playing. // To stay=> he stays/ staying/ To marry=> marrying// To carry=> he carried=> carrying

    - Baby=> babies=> babyish/ forty (40)=> fortyish (around forty)


    Exceptions: say (said) - lay (laid) - pay ( paid) which are irregular forms.

     

         

                 

     

    III)  -IE is turned into -Y before -ING.  

    - die=> dying// lie=> lying// tie=> tying. 

     

                                       

       V= vowel; C= consonant

     

    You see! That was easy! Now, you can face the test! Go for it!  



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    English exercise "Finals in -y and -ie" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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