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Finals in -y and -ie
In this lesson, we're going to tackle two difficulties regarding spelling, though they have a grammatical basis. Students of English often make mistakes there, though it's quite easy to avoid them! Let's hope you'll find these points clearer at the end of the lesson.
I) The difficulties of words ending with a Y or the sound [i]?
a) When a special ending ( plural- third person singular or suffixes) must be added to a word ending with a Y preceded by a consonant, the Y must be changed into an I.
- busy=>busier/ business // happy=> happier/ happiness// carry=> carried=> carriage// marry=> married/ marriage// pity=> pitiable/ pitiful
NB: Nouns and verbs ending with a Y preceded by a consonant have their plural or third person singular (in the simple present ) in -IES.
- lady=> ladies// (mais boy=> boys - Y preceded by a vowel)
- to marry=> marries/ married/ marriage// (but to stay=> he stays - Y preceded by a vowel)
a pony=> 2 ponies
a fairy=> 2 fairies
II) a Y does not change if placed after a vowel (see above) or when placed before - ing or - ish:
- To play=> player/ playing. // To stay=> he stays/ staying/ To marry=> marrying// To carry=> he carried=> carrying
- Baby=> babies=> babyish/ forty (40)=> fortyish (around forty)
Exceptions: say (said) - lay (laid) - pay ( paid) which are irregular forms.
III) -IE is turned into -Y before -ING.
- die=> dying// lie=> lying// tie=> tying.
V= vowel; C= consonant
You see! That was easy! Now, you can face the test! Go for it!
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