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Comparative or Superlative
Comparative adjectives: when we want to compare two things, people, places or the same person, place or thing at two different times. To show something comparing something else we use comparative form. We use the word “than” after comparative adjectives.
Superlative adjectives: when we want to talk about three or more things, people or places, we use superlative adjectives. In another word, a superlative adjective is used to notice a subject in a group and explains that the subject is the highest, the smallest, the tallest. “THE” is used with superlative adjectives.
How to build a Comparative(A) or a Superlative(B) adjectives.
1- One syllable word (e.g., hard). A- Adjective + er (e.g., harder than). B: adjective + est (e.g., the hardest).
2 - One syllable end with e (safe): A - Adjective + r (e.g., safer than). B - Adjective + st (e.g., the safest).
3 - One syllable ended with a vowel + consonant (e.g., big). A - Adjective + double the last consonant + er (bigger than). B - The + adjective + doubled the last consonant + est (e.g., the biggest).
4 - Two syllables ended with Y (e.g., happy). A - Omit Y and add ier (e.g.,happier than). B - Omit Y and add iest (e.g., the happiest).
5 - Two or more syllables (e.g., beautiful). A - Add “MORE” before adjective (e.g., more beautiful than). B - Add “MOST” before adjective (e.g., the most beautiful).
6 - Few adjectives don't obey the above rules. They are irregular adjectives.Adjective (e.g., Good, bad, far, little) A - Comparative (e.g., Better, worse,further, less than). B - Superlative (e.g., the best,the worst, the furthest, the least).
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