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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #124969: Vocabulary: courage and cowardice
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Idioms | Find the word | Introducing someone [Change theme]
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    Vocabulary: courage and cowardice


     

    This is an "important" theme in conversation and in the assessment of our own actions or other people's...

    Come on! Let's face this difficulty courageously !  

     

    BASES: (nouns, adjectives and adverbs)

     Courageous/ly  Courage 
     Bold/ boldly Boldness 
     Brave/ gallant  Bravery/ gallantry 
     Heroic/ heroically                                A hero/ a heroine 
     Spirited with spirit/ spiritedly                      

     

    Having or showing good manners, polite: to be courteous=> courteousness

     

     

           

     

     To dare (to) do stg                              daring/ audacious 
     Daring/ audacity fearless/ intrepid
     Fearlessness a daredevil
     a challenge  to dare sb to do sg                           

     

        

     To be daring...                              He's a coward... 

     

     cowardly (adjective)                        cowardice/ cowardliness                          

     a coward 

     a yellow-belly
     To chicken out   fear=> fearful/ fearless

     

    Synonyms for being a coward (=> cowardice): to be a chicken, to be chicken-hearted, to be lily-livered, to be white-livered, to be yellow, to be yellow-bellied. [You can see that FEAR has an impact on your heart and your liver!   ]

     

                               

     They are Super heroes...                                         but you don't have to be...                                                                                                

     

    EXPRESSIONS: 

    - To have plenty of spirit: to be energetic, to do all you can.

    - to keep one's head/ keep one's cool: to remain calm

    - to have pluck: to have courage, a desire not to give up or surrender. 

    - to have a nerve: = a criticism

    - to have the nerve to do something: to have the will to do something bold, daring

    - to overrate one's strength: to overestimate one's strength

    - to take up a challenge: taccept or attempt some particular test, fight, contest, etc.

    - to dare someone to do something: to be brave enough to do something

     

               

      To jump out of your skin

     

    ... and idioms: 

    - to get/ have the jitters: to experience  a feling of fright or uneasiness

    - to jump out of your skin: to be extremely surprised and shocked

    - to have nerves of steel: to remain calm in dangerous or difficult situations

    - to be quaking in one's boots: trembling with fear

    - to scare the living daylights out of someone: to terrify someone

    - to be on tenterhooks: waiting nervously for something to happen

    - to whistle in the dark: they are trying to remain brave and convince themselves that the situation is not as bad as it seems

    - to be at your wits' end: completely puzzled and perplexed

     

      

     

    I hope you're relieved to see that you can do it quite easily... You'll have the proof of it with the following test... I know you'll pass it with Flying Colours... 

    Go for it!  



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    1. The little girl entered the stage , smiled and started telling the poem written for her.



    2. 'Be careful, this kid is a real and must be watched at all times.'



    3. This was such a reaction that I couldn’t accept it and told him what I thought about him.



    4. 'Remain polite, and hope... Everything will be alright.'



    5. Jenny’s always willing to , and most of the time, she succeeds!



    6. It took her a lot of to assert herself in her male work environment.



    7. 'Of course I know my part, but before starting to act, I always and fear I might forget my lines.'



    8. After the incident, she was but felt a lot better when her parents arrived.



    9. 'I’m not good enough... therefore, I chose to and tried the level below.'



    10. women, the Suffragettes fought for their rights in spite of oppositions in the society of the time.



     

        

     

       

     








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