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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #125739: Vocabulary: causes and consequences
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Frequent mistakes | Idioms [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Placement test beginners: Check your spelling - Past simple or present perfect - Although / in spite of / despite - Differences between Like and As - Again/ back - FOR and its use - Do or Make? - Do-don't-does-doesn't
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    Vocabulary: causes and consequences

    Expressing "cause and consequence" isn't always an easy task... The structures may be difficult to employ (we'll work on them again...) and the vocabulary, which will be our beginning, today, is plentiful and varied. Yet, I'm sure you'll use these notions quite  easily.




    I) How to EXPRESS a CAUSE, a REASON?



     A cause  To be the cause of 
     To cause sth The reason for sth/ doing sth 
     Because  Because of 
     To lead to sth To cause sb to do sth
     To lead sb to do sth To impel sb to do sth
     To incite sb to do sth  Incitement 
     To contribute to  To promote sth 
     The origin/ to originate in  The source 
     To involve/ to entail  To be responsible for 

     To bring sth about

     To produce sth/ provoke sth          

     To prompt sth/ to trigger sth off




    - to give sb cause for sth/ for doing sth

    - to be grounds for/ to be a reason for





     A consequence 

     As a consequence (of)

     In consequence (of)

     Consequently  As a result (of)

     To result from

     To arise from

     To follow from
     An effect To have an effect on 
     To have the effect of doing                        A side-effect/ a by-product                   
     The aftermath of 

     The consequences

     The aftereffects

     The outcome A result 
     The end result of  The upshot was...
     Hence Therefore


    : consequently



    - You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs: important changes cause unpleasant effects.

    - Chickens come home to roost: past actions are causing present problems.

    - (the) devil to pay: announcing trouble.

    - Face the music: accept unpleasant consequences of your actions.

    - Fall on one's sword: accept the consequences of wrong actions.

    - Get your fingers burnt: suffer as a result of your actions.

    - Open doors to/for: provides opportunities for the future.

    - Pay dearly (for something): suffer a lot because of what you did.

    - (the) price you have to pay: what you have to endure for your actions.

    - Reap the harvest: benefit or suffer because of your actions.

    - Take the rap: accept the consequences.

    - You can't unring a bell!: you must live with the consequences of your actions.



    Yes, these expressions are quite varied, but I'm sure you'll remember and use the most important ones! Good luck for that! 


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    English exercise "Vocabulary: causes and consequences" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1. At present, some people are hesitating to get the vaccine for fear of unknown .

    2. The rehearsals of our play are progressing well, our enthusiasm for more work in order to be ready on time.

    3. He got up late this morning, and he’s been running all day.

    4. As the whole family this project, we are all extremely proud it was a success.

    5. The present you gave his brother Paul’s anger and jealousy.

    6. I can’t understand up this project when so much money had already been spent.

    7. This meeting is intended to the cooperation between the different schools of the district.

    8. The failure of the negotiations with the Unions the longest strike ever.

    9. I still don’t know what the of the negotiations will be.

    10. Of course he has been very reckless, but finally, he his attitude.

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