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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #125739: Vocabulary: cause and consequences
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    Vocabulary: cause and consequences

    Expressing "cause and consequence" isn't always an easy task... The structures may be difficult to employ (we'll work on them again...) and the vocabulary, which will be our beginning, today, is plentiful and varied. Yet, I'm sure you'll use these notions quite  easily.



    I) How to EXPRESS a CAUSE, a REASON?



     A cause                                                          To be the cause of 
     To cause sth            The reason for sth/ doing sth 
     Because   Because of 
     To lead to sth  To cause sb to do sth
     To lead sb to do sth  To impel sb to do sth
     To incite sb to do sth   Incitement 
     To contribute to                                                                                     To promote sth 
     The origin/ to originate in   The source 
     To involve/ to entail   To be responsible for 

     To bring sth about

     To produce sth/ provoke sth          

      To prompt sth/ to trigger sth off




    - to give sb cause for sth/ for doing sth

    - to be grounds for/ to be a reason for





     A consequence                                                                                 

     As a consequence (of)

     In consequence (of)

     Consequently   As a result (of)

     To result from

     To arise from

      To follow from
     An effect  To have an effect on 
     To have the effect of doing                         A side-effect/ a by-product                   
     The aftermath of  

     The consequences

     The aftereffects

     The outcome  A result 
     The end result of   The upshot was...
     Hence  Therefore



                                                                           : consequently



    - You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs: important changes cause unpleasant effects.

    - Chickens come home to roost: past actions are causing present problems.

    - (the) devil to pay: announcing trouble.

    - Face the music: accept unpleasant consequences of your actions.

    - Fall on one's sword: accept the consequences of wrong actions.

    - Get your fingers burnt: suffer as a result of your actions.

    - Open doors to/for: provides opportunities for the future.

    - Pay dearly (for something): suffer a lot because of what you did.

    - (the) price you have to pay: what you have to endure for your actions.

    - Reap the harvest: benefit or suffer because of your actions.

    - Take the rap: accept the consequences.

    - You can't unring a bell!: you must live with the consequences of your actions.



    Yes, these expressions are quite varied, but I'm sure you'll remember and use the most important ones! Good luck for that! 


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    1. At present, some people are still hesitating to get the vaccine for fear of unknown , which considering the risks, is quite surprising.

    2. The rehearsals of our play are progressing well, our enthusiasm for more work in order to be ready on time.

    3. He got up late this morning, and he’s been running all day.

    4. As the whole family this project, we are all extremely proud it was a success.

    5. The present you gave his brother Paul’s anger and jealousy.

    6. I can’t understand up this project when so much money had already been spent.

    7. This meeting is intended to the cooperation between the different schools of the district.

    8. The failure of the negotiations with the Unions the longest strike ever.

    9. I still don’t know what the of the negotiations will be.

    10. Of course he has been very reckless, but finally, he his attitude.

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