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Vocabulary: causes and consequences
Expressing "cause and consequence" isn't always an easy task... The structures may be difficult to employ (we'll work on them again...) and the vocabulary, which will be our beginning, today, is plentiful and varied. Yet, I'm sure you'll use these notions quite easily.
I) How to EXPRESS a CAUSE, a REASON?
|A cause||To be the cause of|
|To cause sth||The reason for sth/ doing sth|
|To lead to sth||To cause sb to do sth|
|To lead sb to do sth||To impel sb to do sth|
|To incite sb to do sth||Incitement|
|To contribute to||To promote sth|
|The origin/ to originate in||The source|
|To involve/ to entail||To be responsible for|
To bring sth about
To produce sth/ provoke sth
|To prompt sth/ to trigger sth off|
- to give sb cause for sth/ for doing sth
- to be grounds for/ to be a reason for
II) HOW to EXPRESS a CONSEQUENCE, a RESULT?
As a consequence (of)
In consequence (of)
|Consequently||As a result (of)|
To result from
To arise from
|To follow from|
|An effect||To have an effect on|
|To have the effect of doing||A side-effect/ a by-product|
|The aftermath of|
|The outcome||A result|
|The end result of||The upshot was...|
EXPRESSIONS AND IDIOMS:
- You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs: important changes cause unpleasant effects.
- Chickens come home to roost: past actions are causing present problems.
- (the) devil to pay: announcing trouble.
- Face the music: accept unpleasant consequences of your actions.
- Fall on one's sword: accept the consequences of wrong actions.
- Get your fingers burnt: suffer as a result of your actions.
- Open doors to/for: provides opportunities for the future.
- Pay dearly (for something): suffer a lot because of what you did.
- (the) price you have to pay: what you have to endure for your actions.
- Reap the harvest: benefit or suffer because of your actions.
- Take the rap: accept the consequences.
- You can't unring a bell!: you must live with the consequences of your actions.
Yes, these expressions are quite varied, but I'm sure you'll remember and use the most important ones! Good luck for that!
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