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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #126426: First Conditional
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Conditional and hypothesis [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Conditional - I wish, if only - Conditional clauses - Hypothetical sentences: tenses - Third conditional - Conditional Sentences - If or whether - If clauses: step 2
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    First Conditional


    The basic word in all conditional sentences is “if”. A conditional sentence has always two parts, one part to explain a possible situation, and the second part that explains the consequence.

    Example: If it rains, they'll get wet.

    We can also switch the two parts of a conditional sentence, therefore the “if”part is in the second clause.

    Example:  What will Jack do if he misses his plane?

    There are four types of conditional sentences.   0 – The zero conditional 1 – The first conditional 2 – The second conditional  3 – The third conditional.

    The first conditional sentences :

    We use the first conditional when we want to talk about realistic and pragmatic situation in the present or in the future. The first conditional sentence form is shown in the table below .

    First part(If-clause)

    Second part(main clause)

    If + present simple tense

    Will, Can, Must + verb (Infinitive form)

    50% possibility

    100% certainty

    Examples: If Jack studies hard, he will pass the physics exam. If Jack studies hard, he will not fail the physics exam. If Jack studies hard, he won't fail the physics exam. If Jack does not study hard, he will fail the physics exam. If Jack doesn't study hard, he'll fail the physics exam.




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    English exercise "First Conditional" created by farshid with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from farshid]
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    1. If you're free in the evening, we go to the cinema.

    2. If they're hungry, I make some sandwiches.

    3. If your sisters are not back by 10 p.m., they give us a ring.

    4. If Jack studies hard, he'll well in the exam.

    5. If we come back late, we get a taxi.

    6. George will call his friends if he some help.

    7. I carry on doing this work, if my brother tells me to do so.

    8. We won't stay at home if the weather better.

    9. If it rains, my family go to the stadium.

    10. If Daisy today, she will go to the party tonight.

    11. If I enough money, I'll buy some new clothes.

    12. She'll miss the Ankara train if she leave soon.

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