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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #126601: Vocabulary: authority
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Making portraits, describing | Idioms | Introducing someone [Change theme]
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    Vocabulary: authority

    If a concept is dividing public opinion and requires a lot of nuances, it's that of "AUTHORITY". An excess of authority is often regretted but it seems that now "a lack of authority" is the cause of many problems and evils... 



    It's not only the degree of that authority which is questioned, but also the nature of it... I did research and found there were several "kinds" of authority; I have found three... then six, even thirteen! and finally sixteen... Could it be more?    It doesn't matter, really... I'm not doing sociology... simply vocabulary! 

    We're also dealing with "natural authority" and with "velvet-gloved authority", which are much more pleasant to my eyes and ears when considering  this ambivalent notion.



     To have authority over 

     To have power over

     To exercise authority over                              
     His word is law!  
     The authorities 
     Supreme/ supremacy                                                                                                                    
     Powerful/ mighty 
     Power/ might 



    "An iron hand in a velvet glove"... (Bernadotte)

     To master something/ mastery over 
     To control something/ somebody// control (noun)
     Under his control/ uncontrolled 
     To supervise/ unsupervised   
     A supervisor/ supervision 
     Under the supervision of 
     To be in charge of/ to put somebody in charge of something                                                   
     To take command of something 
     Under the direction of 
     To run a company
     To manage something 
     To preside over a meeting
     To lead 
     To dominate/ dominant/ domineering/ domination  
     Patronising/ to patronise somebody 




    - To have the situation under control

    - To boss somebody around

    - To have the whip hand over somebody

    - To throw one's weight around

    - Under constraint


     Strict/ severe 
     High-handed/ bossy                                                                                                       
     A dictator/ dictatorial                                                




    - To make somebody do something

    - To force somebody to do something

    - To compel somebody to do/ to oblige somebody to do

    - To twist somebody's arm/ to put the arm on somebody

    - To bring to heel: to force someone to behave in a disciplined manner

    - To bulldoze (someone) into doing something: to force to do it, especially by being bullied or intimidated.

    - Call the shots/ call the tune: make all the important decisions and is in control of the situation.

    - Carry weight: influential or important.

    - Too many chiefs, not enough Indians: too many people giving instructions and not enough people doing the work.

    - Hold the reins: to be in complete control of a company, firm or organisation.

    - Might is right: being the most powerful person or country gives you the right to do whatever you want.

    - Top dogbetter or more powerful than others

    - Under your thumb: under your control or influence

    - Gain/get the upper hand: take control over something



    Yes, I know... There are many expressions to remember... but of course, you may feel free to learn only the ones you like...

    The test isn't difficult and you will pass it with flying colours!

    May THE FORCE be with you! 


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    English exercise "Vocabulary: authority" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1. He spoke in such an voice that people thought he was very aggressive.

    2. 'Don’t be worried, Tom is the security of the transactions. Everything will be alright!'

    3. 'In my previous company, I used to several teams of assistants.'

    4. I didn’t have to too much. He accepted the task quite easily.

    5. As he is the big brother of the family, Paul his younger brothers and sisters.

    6. This manager was acting like a real and kept shouting at every employee.

    7. Frank is so stubborn that it’s impossible to him to do something if he has decided otherwise.

    8. You need to make her obey in order to so that she does what needs to be done.

    9. Dad will never let me during his absence from home.

    10. Tom thought he had over his opponent, but lost two consecutive sets and gave up.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Vocabulary: authority
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