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Principal parts of verbs
In English, verbs have three basic forms called the principal parts of the verb.
The first principle part is called the present.
The second principle part is called the past.
The third principle part is called the past participle.
The past participle is the form that is used after the auxiliary have.
Regular verbs form the past and the past participle by adding d or ed to the present.
Example 1: verb--CLIMB
- present: Johnny climbs the mountain every week.
- past: Johnny climbed the mountain.
- past participle: Johnny had climbed the mountain before.
Example 2: verb--HOPE
- present: I hope to read a book.
- past: I hoped to read a book last year.
- past participle: I had hoped to read a book.
Example 3: verb--LOVE
- present: Fanny loves cats.
- past: Fanny loved cats when she was five.
- past participle: Fanny had loved cats at a young age.
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