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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #127611: WH- questions
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Adverbs | Pronouns | Questions [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adverbs of frequency - Questions : how to ask them - Vocabulary: asking and answering - Adjectives and adverbs - Adverbs of frequency - Ask the question - Adverbs - Adverbs of frequency
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    WH- questions


    An enormous chapter of elementary grammar which is very useful to beginners... (and others!) 

    WH- questions are often badly built, and yet they are fundamental!  




    I) WHO and WHAT acting like a direct object complement: 

     Pattern: WH + auxiliary + subject + verb? 

    - Who have you invited?

    - What did you buy? 

     Be careful!  In the interrogative form, when dealing with phrasal verbs

    place the particle after the verb, like in the affirmative form. 

    - Who are you waiting for?  

    - Who did you play tennis with? 



    they are illustrating  "circumstantial complements" and follow the pattern:  

    WH- + auxiliary + subject + verb? 




    ➡️ Time: when...? 

    - When did he arrive? 

    ➡️ Time of the day: What time? 

    - What time does your plane leave?

    ➡️ Starting point of an action: Since when... ?

    - Since when has he been here? 

    ➡️ Way of doing, manner: How?

    - How did you come here: by car or by train? 

    ➡️ Cause: Why? 

    -  Why did you arrive so late?

    ➡️ Place: where? 

    - Where will you sleep? 

    ➡️ Aim, purpose: What... for? 

    - What are you calling her for? 




    III) HOW + ADJECTIVE (or adverb): expressing a degree. 

     Pattern: HOW + adjective/ adverb+ auxiliary + subject + verb? 




    ➡️ Duration, length of time: How long? 

    - How long will you stay here? 

    ➡️ Duration: How long ago...?

    - How long ago was it sold? 

    ➡️ Distance: How far...?

    - How far do you drive to work everyday? 

    ➡️ Frequency: How often?  

    -  How often does he wash his hair? 

    ➡️  Age: How old? 

    - How old was he when he arrived in England? 

    ➡️ Dimension, size: How big...?  

    - How big is your house? 


    IV) HOW MUCH/ HOW MANY: express quantity. 

    ➡️ HOW MUCH (+ uncountable)

    - How much chocolate did you eat this morning? 

    ➡️ HOW MANY + countable in the plural 

    - How many books did he bring? 




    V) WHOSE: genitive expresses a possession. (NO article in front of the possession!) 

     Pattern: WHOSE + NOUN+ auxiliary + SUBJECT + VERB?

    - Whose bike did you borrow?




    VI) WHICH and WHAT: choosing...  

    ➡️  among a great number of elements: WHAT?➡️  amond a reduced number of elements: WHICH? 



    Quite easy, isn't it? Go for the test, now! Good luck! 


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    1. ' home so as not to be late for your appointment at 9?'

    2. ' have I told you not to answer back insolently?'

    3. ' would you prefer, the green one or the red one?''

    4. ' your hair cut? I have mine cut every two months...'

    5. ' to help, the young kids or the older ones?'

    6. 'Really ! You want this expensive telephone! ? You already have a perfect one! You’ll have to use your own money to buy it!'

    7. do you have to go to find real help if you need some?

    8. 'I’ll contribute! money do they really need to be out of the woods?'

    9. 'No, it’s not mine! I really don’t know this is.'

    10. 'Enough is enough! has he been staying at your parents’? They can no longer stand him!'



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