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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #127747: The Order of the Garter
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Making portraits, describing | Family | Find the word [Change theme]
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    The Order of the Garter

    While I was following Queen Elizabeth II's funeral, like millions of other viewers, in London and



    in Windsor, thousands of British people lined up streets and roads to pay their respects to their

    beloved Queen. On several occasions, my eye was caught by details concerning historical

    traditions or defining structures of the British Monarchy.

    One of them was a little orange ribbon, circling some gentlemen's left leg, a little above the knee:

    The GARTER!





    I) BACK to the 14th century: 1348:

    * THE MOST NOBLE ORDER OF THE GARTER: goes back to the14th century. Different 

    stories and legends  illustrate the Foundation of the Order. 

    garter is an article of clothing comprising a narrow band of fabric fastened about the leg to keep up

    stockings. In the eighteenth to twentieth centuries, they were tied just below the knee to keep the

    stocking from slipping. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garter




    The most picturesque legend includes the Countess of Salisbury.

    One of her garters (a blue one) is said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing

    with King Edward III at a Court Ball at Calais, during the Hundred Years' War. 

    The surrounding courtiers snickered and jeered. The King picked it up and exclaimed in 

    French: "Honi soit qui mal y pense" ("Shame on him who thinks evil of it" / "Evil to him who

    evil thinks"). The phrase has become the motto of the Order. He added that in the future, 

    members would be very honoured to wear one!  


    II) The Most Noble Order of the Garter: the highest British civil and military honour obtainable.


    It's the Highest and most senior Order of British Knighthood). There's only one rank, that of 

    Knight Companion/ Lady Companion. Membership is limited to the sovereign, the Prince of

    Wales, and no more than 24 members.  Members can "be degraded" if they fall from honour. 

    (36 members have even been beheaded!) The Order includes supernumerary members

    who can be foreign monarchs. Now, only the British Sovereign can appoint new members

    who are chosen from a variety of backgrounds, in recognition for their public service.  


    The ORDER has six officers : The Prelate, the Chancellor, the RegisterThe Garter Principal

    King of Armsthe Usher and the Secretary.



                   Mantel...                                                           ... and Hat. 

    - The mantel of dark blue velvet. 

    - The Hat:  a Tudor Bonnet of black velvet with a plume of white ostrich and black

    heron feathers. 

    - The Collar:  weighs 30 troy ounces (0,933 kg of pure gold) - worn over the mantel and

    secured with white silk ribbons tied in bows on the shoulders. 

    - THE GREAT GEORGE (an enamel pendant) is suspended from the collar. 



                                    THE GREAT GEORGE (The pendant)

                                         Saint George slaying the Dragon... 


    - The Garter worn on ceremonial occasions around the left calf by Knights

    and around the left arm by ladies. 

    The sword * [sord]   [w] not pronounced. 




     The sword                                                           The Collar of the Order


    III) CHAPEL: Saint George's Chapel, Windsor Castle:

    All members of the Order of the Garter are entitled to display their heraldic crests

    and banners at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. Each knight has a stall assigned

    to him in the Chapel where his banner, helmet and arms are displayed. 



    The members' banners at St. George's Chapel                   The procession to enter the Chapel



    Every year, during The Royal Week ( together with the Ascot horse races) in June, the 

    members of the Order meet in the Throne Room of the Castle of Windsorwearing their

    ceremonial dress and insignia. grand procession of the knights takes place to a service

    at St. George's Chapelaccompanied by a marching band and Officers of the Order.

    During the short service, any new Companions are installed/ appointed.

    The Sovereign and other members of the Order then return to the Upper Ward of

    the castle in (horse-drawn) carriages and cars.




    A very famous Order, known worldwide! You've seen that many traditions are attached to this Institution... 

    You know everything... Go for the test, Noble Knights and Ladies! 


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    1. The Noble Order of the Garter was founded .

    2. King picked up his Lady's garter and said: 'Honni soit qui mal y pense !'

    3. For important ceremonies, a Knight Companion wears the garter .

    4. Besides the Monarch and the Royals, at least permanent Knights or Ladies Companions gather in St. James' Chapel every year in June.

    5. 'The Great George' is the name of the on the Collar worn by Knights and Ladies Companions.

    6. On the pendant, Saint George, the patron saint of Chivalry, is symbolising the devil and evil.

    7. The King's son and second in line to the throne, , was the 1,000th Knight to be added to the Order, in 2008.

    8. Every June, on , the Knights of the Garter gather at Windsor Castle to attend several ceremonies.

    9. On June 13, 2022, enrobed members in plumed hats welcomed King Charles' wife, then titled as a member, as well as former Prime Minister Tony Blair.

    10. In any case, when you’re a member of the Order, you .

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