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We had already studied the use of "wish" in test .
Yet, many of you have told me that they still had a few problems, and that some
extra explanations would be necessary. Here they are!
To wish: to request or desire, is used to EXPRESS WISHES (realisable or not) or regrets.
It's quite similar to 'If only' and is followed by the same tenses.
1) To speak about a wish applying to the present, we use the modal preterite. I WISH+ PRETERITE.
- I wish I understood what you're talking about!
2) In order to speak about a wish concerning the past (and which, most of the time is a regret )
the past perfect must be used. I WISH + PAST PERFECT:
(The past perfect is: subject + verb + past participle: I had done/ I hadn't done.)
- I wish he hadn't come to the party
Just to make sure you won't tell the opposite of what you mean, mentally replace it by "IF ONLY"
- If only he hadn't come!
3) I wish... would expresses irritation, annoyance about what is happening or not.
I wish + subject + would
- I wish he would stop smoking when he is with me...
(This construction is, of course, impossible if the subject is "I" ! * I wish I would... doesn't exist.)
4) For wishes that can be realised in the future, use: I hope + will
- I hope Jim will get his promotion as expected.
You can see that the choice of tenses is limited and quite easy to make! Go for the test!
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