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Vocabulary: arithmetic and counting
The only sound of the words 'mathematics' or 'arithmetic' gives some of us the shivers... Yet, some
of these notions are useful in our daily lives, and we can't do without basic knowledge of them.
The optimists and the people who love maths say that it's a 'universal language'! Therefore if you
attend a math lesson in a foreign country, you're most likely to understand and be able to participate!
This is good news, isn't it?
Statistics is important...
|Mathematics + singular|
|maths (GB)/ math (US)|
|mathematical/ a mathematician|
|statistical/ a statistician|
|a sign/ a symbol|
|An even/ odd number|
|A whole number/ an integer|
|A prime number|
|A figure/ a numeral|
|A digit/ a figure|
A four-figure number
A four-digit number
|The decimal point|
- To write out a number in figures
- To calculate/ to reckon/ to compute/ to work out
- To count up to ten
|A factor||a variable|
|A formula||a constant|
|An equation||a function|
|A unit||a logarithm|
|A problem||To solve|
|The answer/ the solution||To count|
To halve an apple
- What do you reckon?
- by my reckoning/ according to my calculations
- I get 406/ I make it 406
- your calculations are out/ are wrong
|An addition/ a sum|
To take away from
|To add up/ to reckon up||To substract from|
|plus/ a plus||minus/ a minus sign|
|To multiply by||To divide 12 by 6/ 6 into 12|
- 12 plus 8 is 20// 12 and 8 make 20
- 20 minus 2 is 12
- The three/ four times table
- It won't divide by 5/ It's not divisible by 5
|To equal/ to be equal to|
|To amount to / to total|
|Double/ to double|
|treble/ to treble|
|the average/ on average|
|the square root|
|A common fraction|
- One half/ one third/ two thirds
- four and a half
I hope I didn't give you a headache... I hope this lesson will be useful to you one day!
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