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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #129095: Infinitive clauses
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Grammar | Infinitive [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Infinitive clause - Infinitive phrase - Infinitive in sentences - TO + verb base or TO + V + ing - Doing, Do, To do... - Gerunds or Infinitives - Gerund or Infinitve - To try, followed by...
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Infinitive clauses

    The infinitive clause is a construction which isn't "natural", or normal


    for a French speaker and more generally speaking for a "non-native".

    It's also one of the most frequent mistakes in exams, especially in Essays

    or Free Expressions.

    Yet, this construction is not difficult, once it is understood.

    I) Construction of the INFINITIVE CLAUSE: 

    I (subject1)   want (Verb1)     Patricia(subject2)     to work (infinitive)    with you.

    Subject2 becomes  a Complement and verb2 must be  in the infinitive. 

    I    want                Patricia              to work                      with you.

    Subject1              subject2             + verb2  

                       complement form     in the infinitive            complements.


    You must have noticed that verb2 must be in the infinitive. You should never give a 

    simple translation of the French "que" ["that"], or use verb2 in another mode: only


    There you are! That's it!  Then, you'll tell me: "but that isn't said in French!"   :

    It's true! This construction isn't French...  It's British! It has a right to be... 

    You might as well get used to it!   


    1) In English, the infinitive clause MUST be used after TO WANT, to expect,

    need, and  to hate, like, love, prefer, wish in the conditional. Never use any

     conjunctive clauses introduced by "that". 

    - He wants us to come with him. 

    - I would like my parents to agree to let me go to the USA.


    2) It is also used  after a great number of impersonal forms: 

    It's difficult for someone to do something, it's [not] important for someone to...,

    it's easy to..., it's unbelievable for someone to...


    - It'll be really easy for you to do this exercise when you have studied the lesson. 

    - It's important for Lily to pass her exam in June.


    BE CAREFUL!   this exercise will be a little more tricky than usual! 

    The right answer will be given to you among others, but in order to find it, you might first have to make 

    a few elementary changes. [For instance, you may have to change the tense of Verb1 if the context

    demands it. ] Normal, isn't it? 

    IN ANY CASE, you must pay great attention to subject2, and give it the FORM of a  COMPLEMENT, 

    and by convention [with me! ] you'll always start our sentences with Subject1. 

    ("I" will become "me" etc. You might have to add "for", 'to'... ) 

    Let's tone all this down with an example! 

    I/ she/ would like /learn Italian. =>* = I would like her to learn Italian

    It's not as difficult as it looked!  Go for it! 



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    English exercise "Infinitive clauses" created by here4u with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from here4u]
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    1. I/ he / would like / welcome us. =>

    2. It’s dangerous / you / drink and drive. =>

    3. Yesterday/ Peter/ I/ask / watch his little sister. =>

    4. He/ she/ expect/ be on time.=>

    5. Pupils/ teachers/ hate/ give too much homework. =>

    6. She/ he/ want + not/ go out alone. =>

    7. I/ they/ ordered/ stay away from screens. =>

    8. Children/their parents /need/ take care of them. =>

    9. It’s unusual/ he/ stay in bed so late. =>

    10. Our parents/ we/ want/ come home for dinner. =>



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