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Rosa Parks: A historic bus boycott
In the 1950's, the American South was segregated: black people couldn't go to white schools, restaurants or cinemas.
Blacks and Whites had separate public toilets and water fountains, and separate sections on buses and trains.
Black people had to sit in the back of the bus. If white people didn't have enought seats, they could take black seats!
In 1955, a woman named Rosa Parks decided it was time to change all that.
On 1 December, 1955, Rosa Parks got on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama after a day's work.
She sat in a seat for black people.
A white man wanted Rosa's seat, but she refused.
The man : 'Give me your seat.'
Rosa : 'No'
The conductor : 'Give him your seat, or I'm going to call the police !'
Rosa : 'I paid the same price as him for my ticket. I want the same rights.'
Black people were angry and Martin Luther King Jr. came to Alabama.
Martin Luther King Jr. : 'Don't use their buses ! We can walk to work !'
Black people stopped taking the buses.
The bus company and the city were angry. The police arrested Martin Luther King.
Black people didn't use the bus for more than a year.
Finally, the Supreme Court decided that segregated buses were illegal. On 21 December, 1956, black people started taking the buses again, because they didn't have to sit in the back of the bus anymore.Exercise : find the words.
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