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379 = three hundred and seventy-nine
2,860 = two thousand eight hundred and sixty 5,084 = five thousand and eighty-four 470,000 = four hundred and seventy thousand
2,860 = two thousand eight hundred and sixty
5,084 = five thousand and eighty-four
470,000 = four hundred and seventy thousand
2,550,000 = two million, five hundred and fifty thousand
3,000,000,000 = three billion
Note : there is no plural 's' after hundred, thousand, million, and billion when they are part of a number. On their own, they can be plural, e.g. thousands of people; millions of insects.
Ordinal numbers and dates
One of the problems with dates is that we write them and say them in a different way:
we write 4(th) January, but we say the fourth of January or January the fourth.
we write 21(st) May , but we say the twenty-first of May or May the twenty-first.
1905 = nineteen hundred and five or nineteen oh five.
1997 = nineteen ninety-seven.
2007 = two thousand and seven or two thousand oh seven.
Fractions and decimals
1 1/4 = one and a quarter
1 1/2 = one and a half
1 3/4 = one and three quarters
1 1/3 = one and a third
1.5 = one point five
1.46 = one point four six
26% = twenty-six per cent
More than 50% is the majority; less than 50% is the minority
There are four basic processes for working out (= calculating) a problem:
+ = addition e.g. 6+4 = 10 (six plus/and four equals/is ten)
- = subtraction e.g. 6-4 = 2 (six minus four equals/is two)
x = multiplication e.g. 6x4 = 24 (six times/multiplied by four equals/is twenty-four)
/ = division e.g. 4/2 = 2 (four divided by two equals/is two)
This can be spoken in different ways in different contexts.
telephone numbers 603 744 = six oh three, seven double four
mathematics: 0.7 = nought point seven
6.02 = six point oh two
temperature: -10 degrees = ten degrees below zero/minus ten degrees
football: 2-0 = two nil
tennis: 40-0 = forty love
Here are several useful words and expressions connected with numbers:
The streets have got odd numbers (e.g. 3,5,7) on the left and even numbers (e.g. 4,6,8) on the right.
I got 16 out of 20 in our last test.
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