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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #26552: Plural of nouns
Plural of nouns
General rule : add an "-s" to the word.
snake (snakes) dream (dreams) bicycle (bicycles)
But there are exceptions:
1) Irregular :
one child three children one mouse two mice
Same problem for:
man woman foot tooth goose louse ox person
men women feet teeth geese lice oxen people
2) Words ending in '-sh,-ch, -x, -s, -z ' : add -es
one box three boxes one witch two witches
Same rule: dishes kisses buses buzzes
3) Words ending in: '-f '/ '-fe ' : plural form = -ves
one leaf three leaves (wolf) three wolves
knife, loaf, half, shelf, wife, calf, life, thief
BUT: chiefs safes cliffs
4) Words ending in : 'consonant + y' = plural : -ies
same rule: lady, story, fly, country, spy
BUT : toys , boys , days , keys
5) Words ending in 'consonant + o' = plural : -es
same rule: mosquito, hero, veto; echo
And these foreign words: piano, kimono, photo, dynamo (-s )
6) Same word for the singular and the plural forms:
two sheep one deer three deer
7) Words ending in '-is' -> plural: '-es'
(oasis) two oases
From foreign languages:
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