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What time is it?
In English, we say the minutes before the hours and we use a preposition in the middle.
Ex: It is 10 minutes to 4 O'Clock.
You use the preposition PAST from one minute to thirty minutes.
You use the preposition TO from thirty-one minutes to fifty-nine minutes.
In everyday conversation, the words 'minutes' or ' o'clock' are omitted most of the time.
EX: What time is it?
a) It's 10 to 5 instead of 10 minutes to 5 o'clock.
b) It's 10 past 5 instead of 10 minutes past 5 o'clock.
It is easier to use the international way to tell the time. Name the hour, then the minutes; exactly as it appears on a digital watch.
Ex: 2:58 It's two fifty-eight.
5:06 It's five O six
10:05 It's ten O five.
11:15 It's eleven fifteen.
12:45 It's twelve forty-five.
The exact time is told by adding 'o'clock'.
Ex: What time is it? It's 5 o'clock.
Half can replace '30 minutes' and it is always used with the preposition 'past'. Ex: It is half past 5.
A 'quarter' can replace '15 minutes'. It can be used with 'to' or 'past' depending on its situation. Ex: It's a quarter to 5 ( 4:45 ). It's a quarter past 5 (5:15).
12:00 o'clock at night is called MIDNIGHT. 12:00 o'clock during the day is called NOON.
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