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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #33966: How to add -ING to a verb
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: -ing | Present participle [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - FOR and its use - Gerund - Past Simple or Past Continuous - Gerunds - Gerund or Infinitve - Doing, Do, To do... - V- ing or infinitive
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    How to add -ING to a verb

                                              How to add : '-ING' to a verb

    General rule : add -ING to the base form

    talking   /  sing => singing   /  read => reading

    John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck

            The bird is singing.

    A few rules:


      When the base form ends in the vowel  'E', simply delete the letter:

          dance => dancing    /  smile => smiling                        

    Maria is dancing                            This young girl is smiling

    If the verbs ends in  '-ee'  / '-ye' / '*oe', no change: see => seeing  / dye => dyeing / toe => toeing


    When the base form ends in '-IE',  the two vowels are replaced by 'Y'. 

       lie => lying     The cat is lying by the fire.

      die => dying    'Within the Realm of a Dying Sun'   album recorded by the 'Dead Can Dance' duo.


    In British English, these two verbs have 2 letters 'L' :

          travel => travelling                    cancel => cancelling


    Verbs with one syllable and ending with 1 consonant+ 1 vowel + consonant  have 2 final consonants:

    sit => sitting                            dig => digging                       swim => swimming                    knit => knitting


    Betty is sitting on the wall.       He is digging a hole.                   The fish is swimming.                    Grandma is knitting.


    Same rule with the verbs with 2 or more syllables, but only if the last syllable is stressed.

       --- for'get  => forgetting           (2 letters 't')

       ---'listen  => listening              (one 'n')

    David! Aren't you forgetting your bear on the grass ?

       She is listening into a tin can phone 

       Exceptions: there can't be 'xx' or 'ww'                fix => fixing

                                                                        snow => snowing  / Look! It is snowing    

    Other examples:

       be'gin => beginning   /   pre'fer => preferring     /   ad'mit => admitting        (double)

      'open => opening            'frighten => frightening      re'member => remembering         (no double letter)

       allow  => allowing     ( no double w)


    Conjugate these verbs in brackets.

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    People today are (travel) far more than they ever used to.

    What are you doing dressed like that? I am (write) a novel, it is called 'In the Past'

    My sister is (fly) back to the States tomorrow.

    The player is (run) as fast as possible. He would like to score a try.

    I can't hear you very well because the rain is (drum) against the windows.

    I'm afraid you can't see my grandfather. He doesn't want to be disturbed when he is (garden).

    I was (begin) to cook dinner when the phone rang. The news was so surprising that I forgot the pan on the cooker ring.

    I am (tie) up your shoelaces because I don't want you to trip over.

    The woodcutter is (chop) blocks of wood.

    Stop (throw) stones at the birds!

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