|> Other English exercises on the same topics: -ing | Present participle [Change theme]|
|> Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - FOR and its use - Gerund - Look forward to/be used to - Past Simple or Past Continuous - Gerunds - Gerund or Infinitve - Doing, Do, To do...|
|> Double-click on words you don't understand|
How to add -ING to a verb
How to add : '-ING' to a verb
General rule : add -ING to the base form
talking / sing => singing / read => reading
John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck
The bird is singing.
A few rules:
I° When the base form ends in the vowel 'E', simply delete the letter:
dance => dancing / smile => smiling
Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling
If the verbs ends in '-ee' / '-ye' / '*oe', no change: see => seeing / dye => dyeing / toe => toeing
2° When the base form ends in '-IE', the two vowels are replaced by 'Y'.
lie => lying The cat is lying by the fire.
die => dying 'Within the Realm of a Dying Sun' album recorded by the 'Dead Can Dance' duo.
3° In British English, these two verbs have 2 letters 'L' :
travel => travelling cancel => cancelling
4° Verbs with one syllable and ending with 1 consonant+ 1 vowel + 1 consonant have 2 final consonants:
sit => sitting dig => digging swim => swimming knit => knitting
Betty is sitting on the wall. He is digging a hole. The fish is swimming. Grandma is knitting.
5° Same rule with the verbs with 2 or more syllables, but only if the last syllable is stressed.
--- for'get => forgetting (2 letters 't')
---'listen => listening (one 'n')
David! Aren't you forgetting your bear on the grass ?
She is listening into a tin can phone
Exceptions: there can't be 'xx' or 'ww' fix => fixing
snow => snowing / Look! It is snowing
be'gin => beginning / pre'fer => preferring / ad'mit => admitting (double)
'open => opening 'frighten => frightening re'member => remembering (no double letter)
allow => allowing ( no double w)
Conjugate these verbs in brackets.
English exercise "How to add -ING to a verb" created by lili73 with The test builder
Click here to see the current stats of this English test
Please log in to save your progress.
End of the free exercise to learn English: How to add -ING to a verb
A free English exercise to learn English.
Other English exercises on the same topics : -ing | Present participle | All our lessons and exercises