Learn English 100% free...Get 1 free lesson per week // Add a new lesson
Log in!

Click here to log in
New account
Millions of accounts created on our sites.
JOIN our free club and learn English now!

  • Home
  • Print
  • Guestbook
  • Report a bug

  • Get a free English lesson every week!
    Click here!

    - Our other sites

    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #33966: How to add -ING to a verb
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: -ing | Present participle [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - FOR and its use - Gerund - Look forward to/be used to - TO + verb base or TO + V + ing - Past Simple or Past Continuous - Gerunds - Doing, Do, To do...
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    How to add -ING to a verb

       How to add : '-ING' to a verb

    General rule : add -ING to the base form

    talking   /  sing => singing   /  read => reading

    John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck

            The bird is singing.

    A few rules:


      When the base form ends in the vowel  'E', simply delete the letter:

          dance => dancing    /  smile => smiling                        

    Maria is dancing                            This young girl is smiling

    If the verbs ends in  '-ee'  / '-ye' / '*oe', no change: see => seeing  / dye => dyeing / toe => toeing


    When the base form ends in '-IE',  the two vowels are replaced by 'Y'. 

       lie => lying     The cat is lying by the fire.

      die => dying    'Within the Realm of a Dying Sun'   album recorded by the 'Dead Can Dance' duo.


    In British English, these two verbs have 2 letters 'L' :

          travel => travelling                    cancel => cancelling


    Verbs with one syllable and ending with 1 consonant+ 1 vowel + consonant  have 2 final consonants:

    sit => sitting                            dig => digging                       swim => swimming                    knit => knitting


    Betty is sitting on the wall.       He is digging a hole.                   The fish is swimming.                    Grandma is knitting.


    Same rule with the verbs with 2 or more syllables, but only if the last syllable is stressed.

       --- for'get  => forgetting           (2 letters 't')

       ---'listen  => listening              (one 'n')

    David! Aren't you forgetting your bear on the grass ?

       She is listening into a tin can phone 

       Exceptions: there can't be 'xx' or 'ww'                fix => fixing

      snow => snowing  / Look! It is snowing    

    Other examples:

       be'gin => beginning   /   pre'fer => preferring     /   ad'mit => admitting        (double)

      'open => opening            'frighten => frightening      re'member => remembering         (no double letter)

       allow  => allowing     ( no double w)


    Conjugate these verbs in brackets.

    Twitter Share
    English exercise "How to add -ING to a verb" created by lili73 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lili73]
    Click here to see the current stats of this English test

    Please log in to save your progress.

    People today are (travel) far more than they ever used to.

    What are you doing dressed like that? I am (write) a novel, it is called 'In the Past'

    My sister is (fly) back to the States tomorrow.

    The player is (run) as fast as possible. He would like to score a try.

    I can't hear you very well because the rain is (drum) against the windows.

    I'm afraid you can't see my grandfather. He doesn't want to be disturbed when he is (garden).

    I was (begin) to cook dinner when the phone rang. The news was so surprising that I forgot the pan on the cooker ring.

    I am (tie) up your shoelaces because I don't want you to trip over.

    The woodcutter is (chop) blocks of wood.

    Stop (throw) stones at the birds!

    End of the free exercise to learn English: How to add -ING to a verb
    A free English exercise to learn English.
    Other English exercises on the same topics : -ing | Present participle | All our lessons and exercises