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How to add -ING to a verb
How to add : '-ING' to a verb
General rule : add -ING to the base form
talking / sing => singing / read => reading
John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck
The bird is singing.
A few rules:
I° When the base form ends in the vowel 'E', simply delete the letter:
dance => dancing / smile => smiling
Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling
If the verbs ends in '-ee' / '-ye' / '*oe', no change: see => seeing / dye => dyeing / toe => toeing
2° When the base form ends in '-IE', the two vowels are replaced by 'Y'.
lie => lying The cat is lying by the fire.
die => dying 'Within the Realm of a Dying Sun' album recorded by the 'Dead Can Dance' duo.
3° In British English, these two verbs have 2 letters 'L' :
travel => travelling cancel => cancelling
4° Verbs with one syllable and ending with 1 consonant+ 1 vowel + 1 consonant have 2 final consonants:
sit => sitting dig => digging swim => swimming knit => knitting
Betty is sitting on the wall. He is digging a hole. The fish is swimming. Grandma is knitting.
5° Same rule with the verbs with 2 or more syllables, but only if the last syllable is stressed.
--- for'get => forgetting (2 letters 't')
---'listen => listening (one 'n')
David! Aren't you forgetting your bear on the grass ?
She is listening into a tin can phone
Exceptions: there can't be 'xx' or 'ww' fix => fixing
snow => snowing / Look! It is snowing
be'gin => beginning / pre'fer => preferring / ad'mit => admitting (double)
'open => opening 'frighten => frightening re'member => remembering (no double letter)
allow => allowing ( no double w)
Conjugate these verbs in brackets.
English exercise "How to add -ING to a verb" created by lili73 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lili73]
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