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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #34885: Conditional clauses
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Speaking | Conditional and hypothesis [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Vocabulary: greeting people - Conditional - Vocabulary: on the phone - I wish, if only - On the phone - Interacting with someone - Dialogue : What time...? - Differences between Like and As
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    Conditional clauses

    Conditional clauses

    0 : If + present simple + present simple

    Used to express general truth and things, which always happen whenever the condition exists.

       Eg:     If you heat water, it turns to water vapour.

                  If you practise sport, you definitely lose weight.

                  If  I am late home, my parents get worried.

     1 : If + present + will + verb (inf) 

    Used when something is possible now and possible in the future.

     Eg:   If you go home late, your parents will be worried.

            They will certainly help you if you ask them

    2 : If + simple past + would + verb (inf)

    Used for a situation which is impossible now but possible in the future, it is the conditional of dream, of hypothetical situations.




    She lives in the countryside

    If she lived in the city, she would have better job opportunities

    He is not a millionaire

    If he were a millionaire, he would travel all over the world.

    I am not on holiday

    If I were on holiday, I would relax and sleep a lot.


    3 : If + past perfect + would have + past participle .

    Used for something impossible now and impossible in the future.

    (because the action had already taken place, it is all over, finished)

    It is the conditional of regrets 




    He drove quickly and had an accident.

    If he hadn't driven quickly, he wouldn't have had an accident.

    He forgot her birthday and she was angry

    If he had not forgotten her birthday, she wouldn't have been angry.

    They didn't invite him, he didn't come to Mary's party.

    If they had invited him, he would have come.

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    English exercise "Conditional clauses" created by lucile83 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lucile83]
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    1. If I win the lottery, I (retire).

    2. That boy is very clever. If you ask him a question, he (answer) it!

    3. If I (have) enough money, I would buy a luxury car.

    4. If I were you, I (not/cheat) in the exams.

    5. If I had had a car, I (not/go) on foot.

    6. If you were more polite, you (not/have) all these problems.

    7. If I had had a computer, I (send) you an e-mail, but unfortunately I didn't.

    8. If I have a good mark at maths, I (be) very proud of myself.

    9. If I am ready for marriage, I (tell) you that.

    10. If you answer all the questions correctly, they (write) your nickname in the list of winners!

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