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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #34885: Conditional clauses
0 : If + present simple + present simple
Used to express general truth and things, which always happen whenever the condition exists.
Eg: If you heat water, it turns to water vapour.
If you practise sport, you definitely lose weight.
If I am late home, my parents get worried.
1 : If + present + will + verb (inf)
Used when something is possible now and possible in the future.
Eg: If you go home late, your parents will be worried.
They will certainly help you if you ask them
2 : If + simple past + would + verb (inf)
Used for a situation which is impossible now but possible in the future, it is the conditional of dream, of hypothetical situations.
3 : If + past perfect + would have + past participle .
Used for something impossible now and impossible in the future.
(because the action had already taken place, it is all over, finished)
It is the conditional of regrets
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