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0 : If + present simple + present simple
Used to express general truth and things, which always happen whenever the condition exists.
Eg: If you heat water, it turns to water vapour.
If you practise sport, you definitely lose weight.
If I am late home, my parents get worried.
1 : If + present + will + verb (inf)
Used when something is possible now and possible in the future.
Eg: If you go home late, your parents will be worried.
They will certainly help you if you ask them
2 : If + simple past + would + verb (inf)
Used for a situation which is impossible now but possible in the future, it is the conditional of dream, of hypothetical situations.
She lives in the countryside
If she lived in the city, she would have better job opportunities
He is not a millionaire
If he were a millionaire, he would travel all over the world.
I am not on holiday
If I were on holiday, I would relax and sleep a lot.
3 : If + past perfect + would have + past participle .
Used for something impossible now and impossible in the future.
(because the action had already taken place, it is all over, finished)
It is the conditional of regrets
He drove quickly and had an accident.
If he hadn't driven quickly, he wouldn't have had an accident.
He forgot her birthday and she was angry
If he had not forgotten her birthday, she wouldn't have been angry.
They didn't invite him, he didn't come to Mary's party.
If they had invited him, he would have come.
English exercise "Conditional clauses" created by lucile83 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lucile83]
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