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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #40760: Adjectives and adverbs
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Adjectives | Adverbs [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Comparative of superiority - Adjective and preposition - Order of adjectives - Superlative + and adjective - Adjectives-ing and ed - Adjectives and adverbs - Adverbs of frequency - Superlative
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    Adjectives and adverbs



          Adjectives are describing words. They tell you more about nouns.


    a young boy          a nice girl              this mouse is small     my dog is brown



          Adverbs are words that modify a verb   (ad-verb; ad: near)

                      adverbs often answer three questions :    How?      When?     Where?

                   Tom drives slowly              we know 'how' he drives     (drive:verb)

                         It rained yesterday          we know 'when' it rained    (rain: verb)

                        Jim is falling downstairs         we know 'where' he is falling   (fall: verb)


         adverbs can also modify an adjective or another adverb:

            It is too cold!   (cold: adj)            He speaks very quickly  (quickly: adv)



    ADVERBS ending with the suffix -ly

     ----  Adverbs are often formed by adding ly to an adjective

                       slow => slowly                  beautiful => beautifully

            Tom has a slow car   (adj)      so he drives slowly   (adv)

            This bird is beautiful and it sings beautifully


                       adjective                         adverb

                        nice                                  nicely

                       serious                             seriously

                       careful                              carefully

                       loud                                   loudly

                       quick                                 quickly

                       easy                                  easily              change y to i and add -ly

                       happy                               happily     

                       terrible                             terribly             drop 'le' before adding 'ly'

                       horrible                            horribly  

                       terrific                             terrifically            for adjectives ending in 'ic' add 'ally'

                       economic                        economically

                       due                                  duly                        silent 'e' is dropped in 'true'   'due '   'whole'

                      - - - - - - -                          - - - - - -

     tip:  not all words ending in -ly are used as adverbs:

               friendly, kindly and lonely are adjectives as well.                    

    ----there are some important exceptions :

                   adjective                          adverb

                     fast                                  fast

                     early                                early

                     low                                   low                  that plane's flying too low

                     hard                                 hard          'hardly' is not the abverb from hard, it means 'not much'

                                                                                   he can hardly walk

                     late                                 late               'lately' is not the adverb from late, it means 'recently'

                                                                                    have you been doing anything interesting lately

                     good                              well                       the adverb form of good is well

                                                                                         Youki is a good dog   /   Sarah is a good student

                                                                                         I do not feel very well  /   Sarah is doing well at college


    ---- do not use 'very' with adjectives like excellent , extremely, fantastic

      ( if something is excellent or perfect there is nothing better, so you can't say very excellent or very perfect)





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    English exercise "Adjectives and adverbs" created by lili73 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lili73]
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    Tom is a boy. He climbed up the ladder .
    Bob sings . He is a singer.
    Have you seen that film 'A Quiet Man' ? John Wayne acted .
    He and his partner were actors
    Your room is a complete mess. I want you to tidy it up .
    Sorry, I can't do it in the future, I am very busy.
    Mark is very good at languages. He learns English .
    He thinks English is an language.
    My brother has bought a car.
    My mother is not pleased at all because he drives it very .

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