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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #4396: Which modal and when ?
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Which modal and when ?

     I) Abilities


    You can also use: 'be able to'.




    =>CANNOT// CAN'T


    =>COULD (in the past)


    => COULD (hypothesis)


    => hypothesis in the past

    COULD + HAVE + past participle


    She can swim.

    I can't / cannot speak Spanish.


    He could run 15 kilometres.

    You could succeed if you worked harder.


    Your children could have helped you.



    II) Being allowed to do something:
















    Can I borrow your pen?



    May I borrow your pen?


    You cannot// mustn't walk on the grass.


    You will be allowed to use your copybook to take your test.



    III) Certainty:






    => present simple :


    => present continuous:



    => in the past:




    You must be tired.


    He must be sleeping.


    She must have been very upset.




    IV) I'm also sure it is not true:











    It can't be true!


    He couldn't have missed his train.




    V) It can happen (50% / 50%) :





    => present 



    => present be+ing



    => in the past






    He may be in his room.


    She may be working.


    They might have met this morning.



    VI) Obligations:



    - MUST


    - HAVE TO


    =>after a modal  


    =>with several tenses


    I must do my homework!


     I have to stop smoking my doctor said.



    I have to work or I might be late.


    You will have to work.


    I had to lie down.

    I've had to lie down. 




    VII) Advice:






     You should do your homework.

    You should have phoned her.




    VIII) Conditional:





    => conditional



    => past conditional




    => with an if-clause:



    => being polite



    You would be pleased to meet him.


    You would have been pleased to meet him.



    If I were you, I would go to sleep.


    Would you like some tea?




    IX) Other modals:









    You needn't say that!!  


    He needn't have told me!!



    Shall we go to the cinema?


    You shall not be rude!


    Use the correct modal.

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    English exercise "Which modal and when ?" created by bridg with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from bridg]
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    1. When he was young he run for a long time.

    2. It is hot here, I open the window please?

    3. I have a day off, we go to the theatre?

    4. You were tired yesterday. She helped you.

    5. Glad to see you, you like a cup of tea?

    6. I wonder where he is, he be in the kitchen.

    7. I know I am wrong! You say that again.

    8. She is late, she still be working.

    9. Sorry to disturb you but I come in?

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Which modal and when ?
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