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There are basically four types of conditional, though combinations of the four are also possible depending on the context.
- Zero Conditional : if + present ==> present
Expresses general thruths and scientific facts. Used to show an evidence, when it's always true.
Ex: If it rains, the sun doesn't shine.
- First Conditional : if + present ==> will + inf.
We use it to make predictions or talk about actions or states that may or may not happen ( likely 50/50)
Ex: If it rains, I'll stay at home.
- Second Conditional : if + past simple ==> would + inf
Refers to actions or states that are not real or unlikely to be real in the future.
Ex: If I won 1,000,000, I would travel
- Third Conditional : if + past perfect ==> would have + past participle
Refers to actions in the past, and can be used to express regrets.
Ex: If you hadn't given me a lift, I would have missed the train.
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