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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #4483: Conditionals
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Conditional and hypothesis [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Conditional - I wish, if only - Conditional clauses - Hypothetical sentences: tenses - Third conditional - Conditional Sentences - If or whether - If clauses: step 2
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    There are basically four types of conditional, though combinations of the four are also possible depending on the context.

    - Zero Conditional : if + present ==> present

    Expresses general thruths and scientific facts. Used to show an evidence, when it's always true.

    Ex: If it rains, the sun doesn't shine.

    - First Conditional : if + present ==> will + inf.

    We use it to make predictions or talk about actions or states that may or may not happen ( likely 50/50)

    Ex: If it rains, I'll stay at home.

    - Second Conditional : if + past simple ==> would + inf

    Refers to actions or states that are not real or unlikely to be real in the future.

    Ex: If I won 1,000,000, I would travel

    - Third Conditional : if + past perfect ==> would have + past participle

    Refers to actions in the past, and can be used to express regrets.

    Ex: If you hadn't given me a lift, I would have missed the train.

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    English exercise "Conditionals" created by anonyme with The test builder.
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    If Jack (refuse) to help, we'll have to manage without him. We were travelling with false passports. That was the trouble. If our passports (be) all right, we (not be) arrested. If I (come) across two men fighting with knives, I (call) the police. But this is a very peaceful area. If a driver (brake) suddenly on a wet road, he (skid). Why don't you bring your car to work ? If I (have) a car, I (bring) it to work ! It was a rather dull game so I left before the end ; if I (wait) another five minutes, I (see) Chelsea scoring a really exciting goal ! If you (care) to see some of his drawings, I (send) them round to your office. I'll wash the glasses in this nice hot water. No, don't ! If you (put) them into very hot water, they (crack). The job is much worse than I expected. If I (realize) how awful it was going to be, I (not accept) it. Unless Tom (take) his library book back tomorrow, he (have) to pay a fine.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Conditionals
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