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Each and every
Each and every
A/ Each and every are similar in meaning. Often it is possible to use each or every:
• Each time (or Every time) I see you, you look different.
• There's a telephone in each room (or every room) of the house.
But each and every are not exactly the same. Study the difference:
We use each when we think of things separately, one by one.
• Study each sentence carefully. (= study the sentences one by one)
Each is more usual for a small number:
• There were four books on the table. Each book was a different colour.
• (in a card game) At the beginning of the game, each player has three cards.
We use every when we think of things as a group. The meaning is similar to all.
• Every sentence must have a verb. (= all sentences in general)
Every is more usual for a large number:
• Carol loves reading. She has read every book in the library. (= all the books)
• I would like to visit every country in the world. (= all the countries)
Each (but not every) can be used for two things:
• In a football match, each team has 11 players, (not 'every team')
We use every (not each) to say how often something happens:
• 'How often do you go shopping?' 'Every day.' (not 'each day')
• There's a bus every ten minutes, (not 'each ten minutes')
B/ Compare the structures we use with each and every:
You can use each with a noun: each book / each student
You can use each alone (without a noun):
• None of the rooms was the same. Each was different. (= each room)
Or you can use each one:
• Each one was different.
You can say each of (the.../these, etc.):
• Read each of these sentences carefully.
• Each of the books is a different colour. Also each of us/you/them:
• Each of them is a different colour.
You can use every with a noun: every book / every student
You can say every one (but not every alone):
• 'Have you read all these books?' 'Yes, every one.'
You can say every one of... (but not 'every of...')
• I've read every one of those books. (not 'every of those books')
• I've read every one of them.
C/ You can also use each in the middle or at the end of a sentence. For example:
• The students were each given a book. (= Each student was given a book.)
• These oranges cost 25 pence each.
Put in each or every