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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #48239: Past perfect
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: Plu-perfect [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Pluperfect - Choosing your past tense... - Life accident 1 - Life accident 2 - Past Perfect Simple or V-ing - Dream and Back to reality 2/2 - Past Perfect - The different pasts, again!
    > Double-click on words you don't understand

    Past perfect



    subject + had + past participle

    A few examples: (on the right)

    - 'I do the dishes.' =>      I had done the dishes.

    - 'It is hot.' => It had been hot.

    - 'We visit London.'  =>   We'd visited London.

    - 'We can help you.' =>   We had been able to help you.

    (There is no past participle for "can", we use 'be able to'.)


    🔹An action before another action in the past:     

    Example 1 : 


    --Yesterday, the bus had already left when Sarah arrived at the bus stop.

    Example 2 :

    --We played cards after the children had gone to bed.

    Example 3 :

    --I had never been to an opera before 'last night'.

    🔹 Type 3 conditional

    If + past perfect  ---> would have + past participle


    If Tom had been able to pilot a rocket, he would have gone to the Moon.

    🔹 Regrets

          wish + past perfect

    I wish Bob had passed his driving test.   /    We wish he hadn't failed his exam.

    🔹 Indirect speech

    John: 'I have seen two aliens.'   (direct speech)       

    John said that he had seen two aliens.      

            'I have seen... '   =>    he said he had seen...

            'I lost my wallet...' =>    he said he had lost... 

    🌍EXERCISE  - 

    Sonia (call) her mother after she (fed) the dog. / Sonia called her mother after she had fed the dog.

    I (see/never) such a beautiful beach before. / I had never seen such a beautiful beach before.

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    English exercise "Past perfect" created by lili73 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lili73]
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    1. After we (eat) at the cafeteria, we (go) to the zoo.
    2. Pat (watch) TV. after she (finish) her homework.
    3. When I arrived at the car park, I (find out) that my car (disappear).
    4.The children were amazed because they (see/never) a bear before.
    5. By the time the film (end) , Sonia (eat) a lot of popcorn.
    6. We (have) the car for ten years before it (break) down.
    7. She (understand) the film she saw yesterday because she (read) the book.

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Past perfect
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