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Past simple (video)
A) How to build:
a) Regular verbs: verb stem + -ed
eg. : play = He played
b) Irregular verbs: you must learn them by heart.
Help: Irregular verbs in English.
eg. : eat = She ate
c) Verb be :
2 forms : "was" & "were" (I was.- You were.- He/She/It was.- We/You/They were.)
➡️ 2. Questions & negations:
Use did .
Contracted form: didn't.
a) Regular verbs : Did + subject + stem of verb (no -ed)
eg. : She worked in a bank. = Did she work in a bank? She didn't work in a bank.
b) Irregular verbs : Did + subject + stem of verb
eg. : He taught English. = Did he teach English? He didn't teach English.
c) The verb be : WAS (not), WERE (not)
Contracted forms: I wasn't - You weren't.
eg. : Were you there? No, I wasn't there.
➡️ 3. Spelling:
a) Verbs ending in -e => V + -d :
eg. : love => loved
b) Verbs ending in: consonant + -y => -ied :
eg. : hurry => hurried
c) Verbs ending in: one vowel + a consonant :
eg. : slip => slipped
B) Main use :
- For past, dated actions.
A break with the present time.
eg. : He lived in London when he was a child.
C) Pronunciation of the final -ED :
You can see here for the pronunciation: test
Exercise : Use the past simple.
English exercise "Past simple (video)" created by lucile83 with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from lucile83]
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