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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #57430: Gerund
    > Other English exercises on the same topic: -ing [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - FOR and its use - Gerund - Look forward to/be used to - Past Simple or Past Continuous - TO + verb base or TO + V + ing - Gerunds - Doing, Do, To do...
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Gerund


    How to use the gerund (V-ING):


    ➡️ 1) with prépositions (of course, not with 'but' and the 'to' of the infinitive).


    - He came in without knocking at the door.

    - Call me before coming.

    - I'm fond of skiing.

     

    ➡️ 2) With verbs of taste: (to enjoy, to love, to like, to hate, to prefer...)


    - I like travelling.

    - She enjoyed walking in the rain.

    - I hate getting up early.


     

    ⚠️ How to choose between "to" and "-ing"?

    Have a look at these two sentences:

    - I prefer to cook
    now. (we are speaking of something we are going to do). 

    - I like cooking. (taste).

     

    ➡️ 3) With verbs telling the beginning or the end of an action: to start, to begin, to go on, to stop, to keep, to continue...


    - It started raining.

    - He went on working.

    - Stop talking, keep working.

     

    N.B. : You can use both forms with 'To start', 'to begin', 'to continue'.

     

    ⚠️ Warning- differents meanings with 'to stop':

    - She stopped to drink (her aim is to have a drink)

    - She stopped drinking (she likes drinking but she no longer drinks.)

     

    ➡️ 4) With 'how about', 'what about' :


    - How about going to the restaurant tonight?

    - What about going to the restaurant tonight?

     

    ➡️ 5) With 'no' meaning you can't do something:


    - No smoking!

     

    ➡️ 6) With 'to mind':


    - I don't mind coming early.

     

    ➡️ 7) With a few idioms:


    - It's no use crying.  

    - To be worth... 

    - I can't help... 

    - To be busy... 

    - I feel like... 

    - I'm fed up with... 

    - I avoid... 

    - I can't bear... 

    - I can't stand... 

    - to spend time...

     

    ➡️ 8) With 'to remember' and 'to forget':

    Both forms are correct, but it is not the same meaning:


    - I remember posting the letter! (I've done it)

    - Remember to post the letter! (Don't forget to do it).

     

    ➡️ 9) With 'to want', 'to need'...


    - Your hair needs cutting.



    ➡️ 
    10) How to build the gerund:

    It is easy, but there are 2 main rules:
    - remove the final "e": come => coming, take => taking
    - when the verb has only 1 syllable and if it ends in consonant-vowel-consonant, there are 2 final consonants:
    ✔️ sit => sitting
    ✖️ help => helping
     


     

    👨🏻‍🏫 Exercise:
    Fill in with TO + Verb OR V-ING.




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    English exercise "Gerund" created by anonyme with The test builder.
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    1. I remember (see) this film before.

    2. Remember (post) my letter.

    3. I'd love (stay), but I just can't.

    4. I love (stay) in the sun!

    5. Don't forget (answer) his letter!

    6. It's no use (go) to the supermarket today.

    7. I can't stand (be) with people I don't know.

    8. I like (chat) with your friends.

    9. They couldn't help (laugh) whenever the teacher stopped watching them.

    10. I'd been driving for some time when I decided to stop (drink) a cup of coffee.









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