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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #89985: Merchant Marine
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Jobs | Journeys [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - At the station-Taking the train - Vocabulary: let's stay in a hotel - Dialogue : At the customs - Jobs - Jobs-Vocabulary - Vocabulary: Holiday - At the police station - Plane and flight
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    Merchant Marine

    The Merchant Navy

    The merchant fleet
    A merchant ship
    A steamship, a steamer
    A motor ship(MS), a motor vessel(MV)
    A cargo-boat
    A coaster
    A collier
    A tanker
    A bulk carrier
    An ore carrier

    The engine
    The propeller
    A paddle steamer
    The funnel
    The hull
    The keel
    The stem
    The bow
    The stern
    A hold
    Watertight door
    The cargo
    The freight
    To stow
    The ballast
    To load
    To unload, discharge
    A crane

    To steer
    The tiller
    The helm
    The wheel
    A sailor
    The master
    The skipper
    The mate
    An anchor
    The bows
    An anchorage
    The draught
    The lead
    To sound
    To drop anchor
    To weigh anchor
    To fly the flag of
    The ensign
    The crew
    The watch
    The compass/compasses
    A chart
    To take a fix
    A knot

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    English exercise "Merchant Marine" created by tizeph with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from tizeph]
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    1. The bulk of British exports and imports is made by sea. It is no wonder then that Great Britain has the largest in the world at sea.

    2. It is comprised of merchantmen (or merchant ships): steamships (or steamers) or motor vessels. Some cargo-boats are specialised: coasters, colliers, , etc. Vessels of any kind are collectively called craft.

    3. The engines propel the vessel. They drive one or two (or screws).

    4. Paddle steamers are still to be found navigating on lakes or river estuaries. The of a ship is called the funnel.

    5. The body of a ship is the hull; it is supported by the which extends from stem to stern.

    6. A merchantman includes several watertight holds, in which the cargo (or freight) is carefully stowed. When a ship's holds are empty, she must carry ballast (sand ballast or water-ballast). The goods are loaded on board and unloaded (or discharged) with the help of .

    7. A small boat is steered by means of a tiller (or helm) fitted to the head of the . In large vessels there is no tiller but a wheel. The sailor in charge of it receives orders from the master (called skipper on a small vessel), who is assisted by a mate.

    8. The are fixed to the bows of a ship, one on the starboard (or right) side, the other to the port (or left) side.

    9. Before coming to an , which depends on the draught of the ship, the lead is used to sound the depth of the sea. Then the ship will drop anchor (opp. weigh anchor)

    10. A ship flies her national flag. In Great Britain, it is called the Red Ensign. The members of the crew are on duty in rotation during four-hour periods called watches. The officer of the watch must be very attentive to the ship's course and keep a close eye on the compass and the . The speed of a vessel is indicated in knots (one knot = one mile per hour)

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Merchant Marine
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