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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #90004: Merchant Navy
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Jobs | Journeys [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - At the station-Taking the train - Vocabulary: let's stay in a hotel - Dialogue : At the customs - Jobs - Jobs-Vocabulary - Vocabulary: Holiday - At the police station - Plane and flight
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    Merchant Navy

    The Merchant Navy

    A ship in a storm

    A sailing vessel, ship
    A mast
    A yard
    The sails
    The rigging
    A coil of rope
    A three master
    Under full canvas
    The wake
    To tack about
    To drift

    A shipyard
    To launch
    To fit out
    To man
    The home port
    To be moored
    The quay - The wharf
    The docks
    The harbour
    A pier - a jetty
    A lighthouse
    A tug
    To tow - to tug
    A channel
    A buoy
    To sail
    To be bound for
    To head to open sea
    To call at / To put in at

    A canal
    A barge
    The tow-path
    A lock
    A sluice
    A ferry
    A ferryman
    The casualties
    To collide with
    To spring a leak
    A lifejacket
    A lifeboat
    A raft
    To be wrecked
    A shipwreck
    A wreck
    To sink
    To run aground, ashore
    To be washed overboard
    To be drowned
    To capsize
    To be adrift
    To lower the boats
    To be sea sick
    A distress sign

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    English exercise "Merchant Navy" created by tizeph with The test builder. [More lessons & exercises from tizeph]
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    Sailing vessels are becoming fewer and fewer. They have and yards which support the sails, the whole being worked by means of the rigging. The number of coils of rope on the deck must be confusing! A flying under full canvas, leaving a long wake behind her, used to be such a grand sight! On the other hand, when the winds were contrary, she had to tack about and when there was no wind at all she might drift dangerously. Ships are built in shipyards. The launching of a ship is always a great affair. After being launched, ships must be fitted out, then manned. A ship has a home port. It is moored alongside the quay (or wharf) or in the . The harbour is protected by a pier or jetty, at the end of which rises the . A tug tows the ship out of the docks. The channel is marked by buoys, The ship sails out of the harbour, bound for some overseas destination. It soon stands to sea and sails away. Inland navigation still plays an important part in the traffic of goods. Formerly barges used to be towed along rivers and by horses following the tow-path. They are now mostly self-propelled. Locks, with opening and closing sluices, are used to raise or lower from one level to another. When no bridge can be built over a river, a ferry(-boat) will convey the passengers across. The man in charge of it is the ferryman. Accidents are not uncommon at sea, and casualties are often heavy. A ship may with another ship and spring a leak. Then the sailors put on their and hurry to the lifeboats and rafts. They must get away before the ship is wrecked. The greatest in history was the one of the Titanic which sank on its maiden voyage. If a ship is disabled it may run aground. What is left of her is called a wreck. During a storm a sailor may be washed overboard and be .

    End of the free exercise to learn English: Merchant Navy
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